(Medical Xpress) -- A Johns Hopkins Childrens Center study of patients who received liver transplants from living donors has found that better outcomes need not come with a heftier price tag.
Other Jul 10, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Children with a rare, life-threatening disease that is the most common cause of neonatal liver failure biliary atresia better tolerate liver transplants from their mothers than from their fathers, according ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jan 03, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Unexpected discovery of a new molecular signature for a destructive and often lethal pediatric liver disease may lead to a new therapeutic target for the hard-to-treat condition.
Medical research Nov 08, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Biliary atresia, also known as "extrahepatic ductopenia" and "progressive obliterative cholangiopathy" is a congenital or acquired disease of the liver and one of the principal forms of chronic rejection of a transplanted liver allograft. As a birth defect in newborn infants, it has an occurrence of 1/10,000 to 1/15,000 cases in live births in the United States. In the congenital form, the common bile duct between the liver and the small intestine is blocked or absent. The acquired type most often occurs in the setting of autoimmune disease, and is one of the principal forms of chronic rejection of a transplanted liver allograft.
Infants and children with biliary atresia have progressive cholestasis with all the usual concomitant features: pruritus, malabsorption with growth retardation, fat-soluble vitamin deficiencies, hyperlipidemia, and eventually cirrhosis with portal hypertension. If unrecognized, the condition leads to liver failure -- but not kernicterus, as the liver is still able to conjugate bilirubin, and conjugated bilirubin is unable to cross the blood-brain barrier. The cause of the condition is unknown. The only effective treatments are certain surgeries such as the kasai procedure, or liver transplantation.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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