Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
The majority of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) referred for pulmonary rehabilitation have multiple extra-pulmonary comorbidities, according to a new study from the Netherlands.
Sleep apnea May 21, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Tuberculosis independently predicts death from lung cancer in the elderly, according to a new study from researchers in Hong Kong.
Cancer May 21, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
There is a very high prevalence of osteopenia/osteoporosis among male patients with pulmonary disease, according to a new study from researchers in California.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 20, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A number of specific risk factors are associated with an exacerbation-prone phenotype of severe asthma, according to a new study from researchers in Sweden.
Immunology May 20, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
For more than three decades, researchers have warned of the potential health risks associated with exposure to environmental tobacco smoke (ETS), especially among children whose parents smoke. Now a new study conducted by ...
Health May 20, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(HealthDay) -- In a finding that seems counterintuitive, a new study revealed that people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) were more likely to die after receiving comprehensive education and ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 14, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
According to a small clinical trial reported by investigators from Japan, acupuncture appears to be associated with improvement of dyspnea (labored breathing) on exertion, in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 14, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Comorbidities are common among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), and a number of these comorbidities are independently associated with an increased mortality risk, according to a new study.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 04, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A simple test for heart disease risk can go a long way toward determining the long-term prognosis for people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, according to UC Irvine researchers.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 02, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
South Australians suffering from the most common fatal lung disease face an ongoing struggle with health services, according to new research from the University of Adelaide.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 26, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Patients with advanced chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and shortness of breath found that opioids provided relief and improved their quality of life, states an article in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 23, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Long term opium use, even in relatively low doses, is associated with almost double the risk of death from many causes, particularly circulatory diseases, respiratory conditions and cancer, concludes a study published in ...
Addiction Apr 17, 2012 | 1 / 5 (1) | 0
(HealthDay) -- Menthol cigarettes may pose an even greater risk for stroke than other types of cigarettes, especially for women and non-black smokers, says a new, large study.
Health Apr 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a widespread disease. In Austria alone, there are between 500,000 and 600,000 sufferers; around ninety per cent of cases are the result of smoking. Now, under ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 05, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress) -- New discoveries by Cambridge scientists about a molecular waste-disposal process that eats bacteria are influencing the clinical management of cystic fibrosis, and could be ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 04, 2012 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), also known as chronic obstructive lung disease (COLD), chronic obstructive airway disease (COAD), chronic airflow limitation (CAL) and chronic obstructive respiratory disease (CORD), is the co-occurrence of chronic bronchitis and emphysema, a pair of commonly co-existing diseases of the lungs in which the airways become narrowed. This leads to a limitation of the flow of air to and from the lungs, causing shortness of breath (dyspnea). In clinical practice, COPD is defined by its characteristically low airflow on lung function tests. In contrast to asthma, this limitation is poorly reversible and usually gets progressively worse over time. In England, an estimated 842,100 of 50 million people have a diagnosis of COPD.
COPD is caused by noxious particles or gas, most commonly from tobacco smoking, which triggers an abnormal inflammatory response in the lung.
The diagnosis of COPD requires lung function tests. Important management strategies are smoking cessation, vaccinations, rehabilitation, and drug therapy (often using inhalers). Some patients go on to require long-term oxygen therapy or lung transplantation.
Worldwide, COPD ranked as the sixth leading cause of death in 1990. It is projected to be the fourth leading cause of death worldwide by 2030 due to an increase in smoking rates and demographic changes in many countries. COPD is the third leading cause of death in the U.S. and the economic burden of COPD in the U.S. in 2007 was $42.6 billion in health care costs and lost productivity.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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