Diabetes Mellitus

CABG underused in diabetes with multivessel disease

(HealthDay)—About one-third of patients with diabetes mellitus and multivessel coronary artery disease presenting with non-ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction undergo coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) and more ...

May 16, 2016
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Artemisia extract ups insulin sensitivity in GDM

(HealthDay)—For women with gestational diabetes mellitus, daily administration of Artemisia extract is associated with improved insulin sensitivity, according to a study published online April 27 in the Journal of Clinical ...

May 03, 2016
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Adverse events not up with six months of DAPT

(HealthDay)—For patients receiving an everolimus-eluting stent implantation, six months of dual antiplatelet therapy (DAPT) does not increase composite events compared with 12 months of DAPT, according to a study published ...

May 19, 2016
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Diabetes weight loss diets improve emotional measures

(HealthDay)—Among patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), weight loss diets, regardless of composition, improve psychological measures, including depression, mood, and quality of life, according to a study published ...

Apr 10, 2016
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Diabetes mellitus, often simply referred to as diabetes, is a group of metabolic diseases in which a person has high blood sugar, either because the body does not produce enough insulin, or because cells do not respond to the insulin that is produced. This high blood sugar produces the classical symptoms of polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst) and polyphagia (increased hunger).

There are three main types of diabetes:

Other forms of diabetes mellitus include congenital diabetes, which is due to genetic defects of insulin secretion, cystic fibrosis-related diabetes, steroid diabetes induced by high doses of glucocorticoids, and several forms of monogenic diabetes.

All forms of diabetes have been treatable since insulin became available in 1921, and type 2 diabetes may be controlled with medications. Both type 1 and 2 are chronic conditions that usually cannot be cured. Pancreas transplants have been tried with limited success in type 1 DM; gastric bypass surgery has been successful in many with morbid obesity and type 2 DM. Gestational diabetes usually resolves after delivery. Diabetes without proper treatments can cause many complications. Acute complications include hypoglycemia, diabetic ketoacidosis, or nonketotic hyperosmolar coma. Serious long-term complications include cardiovascular disease, chronic renal failure, retinal damage. Adequate treatment of diabetes is thus important, as well as blood pressure control and lifestyle factors such as smoking cessation and maintaining a healthy body weight.

Globally as of 2010 it is estimated that there are 285 million people diabetes with type 2 making up about 90% of the cases.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA

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