Human intelligence cannot be explained by the size of the brain's frontal lobes, say researchers.
Neuroscience May 13, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (9) | 4 |
Using MRI, neuroscientists at Georgetown University Medical Center found significant differences in brain anatomy when comparing men and women with dyslexia to their non-dyslexic control groups, suggesting that the disorder ...
Neuroscience May 08, 2013 | 2 / 5 (1) | 0
Up to 10 per cent of the population are affected by specific learning disabilities (SLDs), such as dyslexia, dyscalculia and autism, translating to 2 or 3 pupils in every classroom according to a new study.
Psychology & Psychiatry Apr 18, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have determined the precise anatomical coordinates of a brain "hot spot," measuring only about one-fifth of an inch across, that is preferentially activated ...
Neuroscience Apr 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (9) | 3 |
Researchers in the UK have taken an important step towards understanding how the human brain 'decodes' letters on a page to read a word. The work will help psychologists unravel the subtle thinking mechanisms involved in ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 14, 2013 | not rated yet | 1
Recent research into how we learn is set to help people in their efforts to read a second or foreign language (SFL) more effectively. This will be good news for those struggling to develop linguistic skills in preparation ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 06, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Much to the chagrin of parents who think their kids should spend less time playing video games and more time studying, time spent playing action video games can actually make dyslexic children read better. ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 28, 2013 | 3.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
What goes on inside our heads is similar to an orchestra. For Peter Hagoort, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics, this image is a very apt one for explaining how speech arises in the ...
Neuroscience Feb 26, 2013 | not rated yet | 1
(HealthDay)—Using real-time images of brain connections developing in late-stage fetuses, scientists say they've been able for the first time to compare the order and strength of these connections.
Neuroscience Feb 20, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Though learning to read proceeds smoothly for most children, as many as one in 10 is estimated to suffer from dyslexia, a constellation of impairments unrelated to intelligence, hearing or vision that make ...
Neuroscience Feb 19, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Laura Schulz, an associate professor of brain and cognitive sciences at MIT, has always been interested in learning and education. At the age of 6, she tried teaching her 3-year-old sister to read, an effort ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 14, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
For the first time, scientists at Carnegie Mellon University's Center for Cognitive Brain Imaging (CCBI) have used a new combination of neural imaging methods to discover exactly how the human brain adapts ...
Neuroscience Jan 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Schoolchildren on the autistic spectrum experience worrying levels of mental health difficulties, according to a new study by research psychologists from The University of Manchester.
Autism spectrum disorders Dec 18, 2012 | 4 / 5 (2) | 0
(HealthDay)—The long-awaited revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) has been approved, bringing with it a series of revisions, additions and subtractions to the tome t ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Dec 03, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
The now familiar term "Asperger's disorder" is being dropped. And abnormally bad and frequent temper tantrums will be given a scientific-sounding diagnosis called DMDD. But "dyslexia" and other learning disorders remain.
Psychology & Psychiatry Dec 02, 2012 | 3.3 / 5 (3) | 1
Dyslexia is a very broad term defining a learning disability that impairs a person's fluency or comprehension accuracy in being able to read, and which can manifest itself as a difficulty with phonological awareness, phonological decoding, orthographic coding, auditory short-term memory, or rapid naming. Dyslexia is separate and distinct from reading difficulties resulting from other causes, such as a non-neurological deficiency with vision or hearing, or from poor or inadequate reading instruction. It is believed that dyslexia can affect between 5 and 10 percent of a given population although there have been no studies to indicate an accurate percentage.
There are three proposed cognitive subtypes of dyslexia: auditory, visual and attentional. Reading disabilities, or dyslexia, is the most common learning disability, although in research literature it is considered to be a receptive language-based learning disability. Researchers at MIT found that people with dyslexia exhibited impaired voice-recognition abilities.
Accomplished adult dyslexics may be able to read with good comprehension, but they tend to read more slowly than non-dyslexics and may perform more poorly at nonsense word reading (a measure of phonological awareness) and spelling. Dyslexia is not an intellectual disability, since dyslexia and IQ are not interrelated, as a result of cognition developing independently.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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