Irritable Bowel Syndrome
Our bodies contain far more microbial genes than human genes. And a new study suggests that just as human DNA varies from person to person, so too does the massive collection of microbial DNA in the intestine.
Medical research Dec 05, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0 |
For the first time, researchers at McMaster University have conclusive evidence that bacteria residing in the gut influence brain chemistry and behaviour.
Medical research May 17, 2011 | 4.8 / 5 (20) | 9 |
A new study from investigators at the Benson-Henry Institute for Mind/Body Medicine at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) and Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center (BIDMC) finds that elicitation of the relaxation response ...
Psychology & Psychiatry May 01, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
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Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 19, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—If mild cranial electrical stimulation helps lessen fibromyalgia pain, as studies seem to suggest, does it do this by changing activity in certain brain regions?
Neuroscience Mar 04, 2013 | 3 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—Here's a new twist on the old idea of not letting anything go to waste. According to a small new Dutch study, human stool—which contains billions of useful bacteria—can be donated from one ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Jan 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
After uncovering a mechanism that promotes chronic intestinal inflammation and the development of colorectal cancer, scientists from Virginia Commonwealth University Massey Cancer Center have found that fingolimod, ...
Cancer Jan 09, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
The bacterial zoo inside your gut could look very different if you are a vegetarian or an Atkins dieter, a couch potato or an athlete, fat or thin.
Medical research Dec 04, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Although placebos have played a critical role in medicine and clinical research for more than 70 years, it has been a mystery why these inactive treatments help to alleviate symptoms in some patients – and not others. Now ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Oct 23, 2012 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0 |
An Australian research team has discovered how specialised immune cells recognise products of vitamin B synthesis that are unique to bacteria and yeast, triggering the body to fight infection.
Medical research Oct 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—A new drug significantly reduces the abdominal pain and constipation characteristic of certain types of irritable bowel syndrome, according to two new studies.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Sep 18, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Millions of women suffer from unexplained vulvar pain so severe it can make intercourse, exercise and even sitting unbearable.
Obstetrics & gynaecology Aug 02, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
An overgrowth of bacteria in the gut has been definitively linked to Irritable Bowel Syndrome in the results of a new Cedars-Sinai study which used cultures from the small intestine. This is the first study to use this "gold ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes May 25, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- An ancient Incan toothache remedy for centuries handed down among an indigenous people in the rainforests of Peru could be on the cusp of revolutionising worldwide dental ...
Medications Mar 15, 2012 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 0 |
The first study to investigate risk factors for the vascular condition called CCSVI (chronic cerebrospinal venous insufficiency) in volunteers without neurological disease has identified what the researchers call a remarkable ...
Neuroscience Nov 30, 2011 | not rated yet | 0 |
Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS, or spastic colon) is a symptom-based diagnosis characterized by chronic abdominal pain, discomfort, bloating, and alteration of bowel habits. As a functional bowel disorder, IBS has no known organic cause. Diarrhea or constipation may predominate, or they may alternate (classified as IBS-D, IBS-C or IBS-A, respectively). Historically a diagnosis of exclusion, a diagnosis of IBS can now be made on the basis of symptoms alone, in the absence of alarm features such as age of onset greater than 50 years, weight loss, gross hematochezia, systemic signs of infection or colitis, or family history of inflammatory bowel disease. Onset of IBS is more likely to occur after an infection (post-infectious, IBS-PI), a stressful life event, or onset of maturity.
Although there is no cure for IBS, there are treatments that attempt to relieve symptoms, including dietary adjustments, medication and psychological interventions. Patient education and a good doctor-patient relationship are also important.
Several conditions may present as IBS including coeliac disease, fructose malabsorption, mild infections, parasitic infections like giardiasis, several inflammatory bowel diseases, bile acid malabsorption, functional chronic constipation, and chronic functional abdominal pain. In IBS, routine clinical tests yield no abnormalities, although the bowels may be more sensitive to certain stimuli, such as balloon insufflation testing. The exact cause of IBS is unknown. The most common theory is that IBS is a disorder of the interaction between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract, although there may also be abnormalities in the gut flora or the immune system.
IBS has no effect on life expectancy. However, it is a source of chronic pain, fatigue, and other symptoms and contributes to work absenteeism. The high prevalence of IBS and significant effects on quality of life make IBS a disease with a high social cost.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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