Scientists from the University of Liverpool are working with computer modelling specialists in India to predict areas of the country that are at most risk of malaria outbreaks, following changes in monsoon rainfall.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 02, 2012 | 2 / 5 (1) | 0
Malaria infections among infants can be cut by up to 30 per cent when antimalarial drugs are given intermittently over a 12 month period, a three-year clinical trial in Papua New Guinea has shown.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Apr 02, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Tourists who have visited a malaria-infected country and are over the age of 65 are almost 10 times more likely to die from the disease than those who are aged 18-35, reveals a study published in the British Medical Journal today. ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Mar 28, 2012 | not rated yet | 1
Malaria continues to be a major disease worldwide, but while funding projects are working hard to improve malaria prevention it is difficult to measure how effective these interventions are. New research published in BioMed ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Mar 28, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
In open source drug discovery all data and ideas are freely and immediately shared, and anyone may participate at any level.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Mar 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
University of British Columbia researcher Hongshen Ma has developed a simple and accurate device to study malaria, a disease that currently affects 500 million people per year worldwide and claims a million lives.
Medical research Feb 28, 2012 | 3.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
A chemically altered osteoporosis drug may be useful in fighting malaria, researchers report in a new study. Unlike similar compounds tested against other parasitic protozoa, the drug readily crosses into ...
Medical research Feb 27, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 1 |
Scientists have discovered a new target in their fight against the devastating global disease 'malaria' thanks to the discovery of a new protein involved in the parasite's life cycle.
Medical research Feb 23, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Mothers who are treated for malaria may pass on lower levels of natural immunity to their young, animal studies show.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 23, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
In this week's PLoS Medicine, Dejan Zurovac and colleagues from the Kenya Medical Research Institute/Wellcome Trust Research Program, Nairobi, Kenya discuss six areas where text messaging could improve the delivery of hea ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 21, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A study of almost 3,800 pregnancies has provided the most accurate and direct evidence to date that malaria infection reduces early foetal growth. Low birth weight is the most important risk factor for neonatal mortality ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
As researchers work to eliminate malaria worldwide, new strategies are needed to find and treat individuals who have malaria, but show no signs of the disease. The prevalence of asymptomatic or minimally symptomatic malaria ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 06, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
A new study suggests that climate change, driven by greenhouse-gas emissions and land-use changes, will cause patterns of malaria infection to change over the next 50 years.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 03, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
New research published in this week's edition of The Lancet shows that malaria kills 1.2 million people worldwide each year: twice as many as previously thought. Furthermore, while many believe most malaria deaths occur ...
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Feb 02, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 11 |
New research by scientists at the University of Southampton could lead to the design of more effective drugs to combat malaria.
Medical research Jan 27, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
Malaria is a mosquito-borne infectious disease of humans and other animals caused by eukaryotic protists of the genus Plasmodium. The disease results from the multiplication of Plasmodium parasites within red blood cells, causing symptoms that typically include fever and headache, in severe cases progressing to coma or death. It is widespread in tropical and subtropical regions, including much of Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas.
Five species of Plasmodium can infect and be transmitted by humans. Severe disease is largely caused by Plasmodium falciparum while the disease caused by Plasmodium vivax, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium malariae is generally a milder disease that is rarely fatal. Plasmodium knowlesi is a zoonosis that causes malaria in macaques but can also infect humans.
Malaria transmission can be reduced by preventing mosquito bites by distribution of mosquito nets and insect repellents, or by mosquito-control measures such as spraying insecticides and draining standing water (where mosquitoes breed). Despite a clear need, no vaccine offering a high level of protection currently exists. Efforts to develop one are ongoing. A number of medications are also available to prevent malaria in travelers to malaria-endemic countries (prophylaxis).
A variety of antimalarial medications are available. Severe malaria is treated with intravenous or intramuscular quinine or, since the mid-2000s, the artemisinin derivative artesunate, which is superior to quinine in both children and adults. Resistance has developed to several antimalarial drugs, most notably chloroquine.
There were an estimated 225 million cases of malaria worldwide in 2009. An estimated 655,000 people died from malaria in 2010, a 5% decrease from the 781,000 who died in 2009 according to the World Health Organization's 2011 World Malaria Report, accounting for 2.23% of deaths worldwide. Ninety percent of malaria-related deaths occur in sub-Saharan Africa, with ~60% of deaths being young children under the age of five. Plasmodium falciparum, the most severe form of malaria, is responsible for the vast majority of deaths associated with the disease. Malaria is commonly associated with poverty, and can indeed be a cause of poverty and a major hindrance to economic development.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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