Type 1 Diabetes
For patients with type 1 diabetes, a dual-hormone artificial pancreas system (also known as a closed-loop delivery system) improved the control of glucose levels and reduced the risk of hypoglycemia compared with conventional ...
Diabetes Jan 28, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—For the first time ever, the American Academy of Pediatrics has issued guidelines for the management of type 2 diabetes in children and teenagers aged 10 to 18.
Diabetes Jan 28, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) devices vary in performance characteristics, according to a comparative effectiveness study published online Dec. 28 in Diabetes Care.
Diabetes Jan 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Melbourne researchers have discovered that the death of immune system cells is an important safeguard against the development of diseases such as type 1 diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and lupus, which occur ...
Immunology Jan 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Over the past two decades, the incidence of type 1 diabetes in very young children under age 5 has increased by 70 percent in the city of Philadelphia, according to research from a University of Pennsylvania ...
Diabetes Jan 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Australian diabetes experts, psychiatrists and neuroscientists have reported the benefits of measuring depression and disease-related distress in patients with diabetes. They have also ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jan 22, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
A new imaging method for the study of insulin-producing cells in diabetes among other uses is now being presented by a group of researchers at Umeå University in Sweden in the form of a video in the biomedical ...
Diabetes Jan 21, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Early life exposure to normal bacteria of the GI tract (gut microbes) protects against autoimmune disease in mice, according to research published on-line in the January 17 edition of Science. The study ...
Immunology Jan 17, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—For patients with type 1 diabetes, the novel, long-acting basal insulin LY2605541 yields greater improvement in glycemic control compared with insulin glargine, according to a study published ...
Diabetes Jan 13, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(HealthDay)— Though it began as a treatment for something else entirely, gastric bypass surgery—which involves shrinking the stomach as a way to lose weight—has proven to be the latest and possibly ...
Diabetes Jan 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1
– While legions of medical researchers have been looking to understand the genetic basis of disease and how mutations may affect human health, a group of biomedical researchers at UC Santa Barbara is studying ...
Diabetes Jan 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Scientists have developed a quick, easy and cheap vision test to find out which part – and how much – of the brain of a stroke victim has been damaged, potentially enabling them to save more lives.
Neuroscience Jan 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
(HealthDay)— New guidelines issued by the American Diabetes Association (ADA) Thursday may reduce the number of people who need to take blood pressure medications, and they may help more people get insurance ...
Diabetes Dec 21, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
Julien Diana and Yannick Simoni of the "Immune Mechanisms in Type 1 Diabetes," Inserm/Université Paris Descartes, directed by Agnès Lehuen, have just published the results of their work on type 1 diabetes in the Nature Me ...
Diabetes Dec 19, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—People at risk for Type 1 diabetes may have fewer insulin-producing "beta" cells than people not at risk, a finding that could help researchers shed light on what causes the disease, a new University of ...
Diabetes Dec 12, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
Diabetes mellitus type 1 (Type 1 diabetes, T1DM, IDDM, or, formerly, juvenile diabetes) is a form of diabetes mellitus that results from autoimmune destruction of insulin-producing beta cells of the pancreas. The subsequent lack of insulin leads to increased blood and urine glucose. The classical symptoms are polyuria (frequent urination), polydipsia (increased thirst), polyphagia (increased hunger), and weight loss.
Incidence varies from 8-17/100,000 in Northern Europe and the U.S., with a high of about 35/100,000 in Scandinavia, to a low of 1/100,000 in Japan and China.
Eventually, type 1 diabetes is fatal unless treated with insulin. Injection is the most common method of administering insulin; other methods are insulin pumps and inhaled insulin. Pancreatic transplants have been used. Pancreatic islet cell transplantation is experimental, though growing.
Most people who develop type 1 are otherwise healthy. Although the cause of type 1 diabetes is still not fully understood, it is believed to be of immunological origin.
Type 1 can be distinguished from type 2 diabetes via a C-peptide assay, which measures endogenous insulin production.
Type 1 treatment must be continued indefinitely in all cases. Treatment is not intended to significantly impair normal activities, and can be done adequately if sufficient patient training, awareness, appropriate care, discipline in testing and dosing of insulin is taken. However, treatment remains quite burdensome for many people. Complications may be associated with both low blood sugar and high blood sugar, both largely due to the non-physiological manner in which insulin is replaced. Low blood sugar may lead to seizures or episodes of unconsciousness and requires emergency treatment. High blood sugar may lead to increased fatigue and can also result in long term damage to organs.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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