Type 2 Diabetes
(HealthDay)—The drug Byetta, approved for adults with type 2 diabetes, appears to help severely obese teens lose some weight, a small study found.
Pediatrics Feb 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
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Cancer Feb 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
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Diabetes Feb 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
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Health Feb 05, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Preliminary evidence from a clinical trial suggests that treatment with glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists was associated with reduced body mass index and body weight in adolescents with severe obesity, according ...
Pediatrics Feb 04, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Examining the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink (CPRD) - data that characterises about 10% of the UK population - a team of researchers from Cardiff University's School of Medicine looked at the risk of death for patients ...
Diabetes Feb 04, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0
New Zealand research revealing a new mechanism for how glucose stimulates insulin secretion may provide a new explanation for how a gene that makes people more susceptible to diabetes – called TCF7L2 – actually contributes ...
Diabetes Feb 04, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—Grape polyphenol (PP) supplementation prevents fructose-induced oxidative stress and insulin resistance in healthy volunteers with high metabolic risk, according to research published online ...
Diabetes Feb 04, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
A research team in Israel has devised a novel approach to identifying the molecular basis for designing a drug that might one day decrease the risk diabetes patients face of developing Alzheimer's disease. The team will present ...
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Merck & Co.'s fourth-quarter profit fell 7 percent because of hits from generic competition and one-time charges, and the company pushed back plans to seek approval of a key experimental osteoporosis drug.
Other Feb 01, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Joslin scientists report the first generation of human induced pluripotent stem cells from patients with an uncommon form of diabetes, maturity onset diabetes of the young (MODY). These cells offer a powerful resource for ...
Medical research Jan 31, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Obesity and its related conditions such as type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and stroke are among the most challenging of today's healthcare concerns.
Medical research Jan 31, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
A systematic review published today in The Cochrane Library finds that in well-nourished adults current evidence does not support selenium for preventing heart disease. The review suggests that taking selenium supplements does n ...
Health Jan 30, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—For patients with type 2 diabetes taking metformin monotherapy, the bile acid sequestrant colesevelam reduces fasting and postprandial glucose concentrations without any effects on insulin concentration, ...
Diabetes Jan 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Binge drinking causes insulin resistance, which increases the risk of Type 2 diabetes, according to the results of an animal study led by researchers at the Diabetes Obesity and Metabolism Institute at the Icahn School of ...
Diabetes Jan 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Diabetes mellitus type 2 – formerly non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) or adult-onset diabetes – is a metabolic disorder that is characterized by high blood glucose in the context of insulin resistance and relative insulin deficiency. The classic symptoms are excess thirst, frequently having to urinate, and constant hunger. Type 2 diabetes makes up about 90% of cases of diabetes with the other 10% due primarily to diabetes mellitus type 1 and gestational diabetes. Obesity is the primary cause of type 2 diabetes in people who are genetically predisposed to the disease.
Type 2 diabetes is initially managed by increasing exercise and dietary modification. If blood sugars are not lowered by these measures, medications such as metformin or insulin may be needed. In those on insulin there is typically the requirement to routinely check blood sugar levels.
Rates of diabetes have increased markedly over the last 50 years in parallel with obesity. As of 2010 there are approximately 285 million people with the disease compared to around 30 million in 1985. Long-term complications from high blood sugar can include heart attacks, strokes, diabetic retinopathy where eye sight is affected, kidney failure which may require dialysis, and poor circulation of limbs leading to amputations. The acute complication ketoacidosis is uncommon unlike in type 1 diabetes, nonketonic hyperglycemia however may occur.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
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