Girls less likely to be violent when seeking others' approval
(PhysOrg.com) -- Many teen girls who push, slap or punch their dates know the situation could become more violent, but they think most consequences are unlikely, a new study shows.
Researchers at the University of Michigan and Wayne State University used the theory of planned behavior, which predicts a person's intentions and actions.
"We know that girls' use of force often occurs in the context of violence against them, either as self-defense or sometimes retaliation," said Richard Tolman, U-M professor of social work, who wrote the study with lead author Poco Kernsmith, an associate professor of social work at WSU. "The impact of dating violence is more severe for girls who are victimized than for boys."
Previous research indicates many girls say they initiate the use of force, and "we wanted to understand more about the predictors for girls' actions," he said.
Surveys were administered to 224 male and female students from a southeastern Michigan high school. The study focused only on female students , analyzing the responses from 102 girls who had been or were currently dating.
Fifty-nine percent of the girls said they pushed, slapped, grabbed or committed other nonsevere violence and 28 percent said they punched, kicked, choked or committed other severe force against a partner. Forty-nine percent of the girls reported no use of violence.
Of the girls who had used physical force, 40 percent said it was done to protect themselves at least some of the time. The study also found that 53 percent of girls said their dating partner was violent first, and 22 percent said both partners initiated violence. Of those who reported using physical force in their relationships, 32 percent reported that they had never been victims, themselves, of dating violence.
Most students (81 percent) reported that they would be unlikely to perpetrate violence in the future, although those who had previously used severe violence were more likely to repeat these actions.
Based on seven items measured on a scale ranging from "strongly approve" to "strongly disapprove," girls believed the highest disapproval for their violent acts would come from the police and religious leaders. However, the girls placed greater importance of approval from their mothers and boyfriend/girlfriend, the study showed.
A scale measuring the attitudes toward violent behavior looked at the perceived consequences of this action against one's partner, such as going to jail or losing self respect. The researchers said girls felt moderately confident in their ability to control violent behavior, but were least confident of their ability to avoid using force if they had been using alcohol or drugs.
The researchers also said that perceived social acceptability appears to be a deterrent against future violence since respondents believe that others who were significant to them disapprove of violence. About 77 percent indicated they thought others would disapprove of violent behavior.
"Supporting an environment that is intolerant of any form of violent behavior is an important component of dating violence prevention," Kernsmith said. "Reaching youth before they begin dating to provide skill-building around healthy, respectful relationships can help shape future behavior."
More information: The findings appear in Violence against Women - vaw.sagepub.com/co… 801211404312
Provided by University of Michigan
- Teens offer less support when peers disclose severe dating violence Dec 04, 2007 | not rated yet | 0
- Teens who perpetrate dating violence also likely to perpetrate violence involving siblings or peers Dec 06, 2010 | not rated yet | 0
- Male college students also victims of violence at girlfriends' hands Feb 12, 2010 | not rated yet | 0
- Women more likely to be perpetrators of abuse as well as victims Jul 14, 2006 | not rated yet | 0
- Child and adolescent psychiatrists could improve their screening for dating violence Apr 02, 2007 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
How can there be villous adenoma in colon, if there are no villi there
6 hours ago As title suggest. Thanks :smile:
How can there be a term called "intestinal metaplasia" of stomach
May 21, 2013 Hello everyone, Ok Stomach's normal epithelium is simple columnar, now in intestinal type of adenocarcinoma of stomach it undergoes "intestinal...
Pressure-volume curve: Elastic Recoil Pressure don't make sense
May 18, 2013 From pressure-volume curve of the lung and chest wall (attached photo), I don't understand why would the elastic recoil pressure of the lung is...
If you became brain-dead, would you want them to pull the plug?
May 17, 2013 I'd want the rest of me to stay alive. Sure it's a lousy way to live but it beats being all-the-way dead. Maybe if I make it 20 years they'll...
MRI bill question
May 15, 2013 Dear PFers, The hospital gave us a $12k bill for one MRI (head with contrast). The people I talked to at the hospital tell me that they do not...
Ratio of Hydrogen of Oxygen in Dessicated Animal Protein
May 13, 2013 As an experiment, for the past few months I've been consuming at least one portion of Jell-O or unflavored Knox gelatin per day. I'm 64, in very...
- More from Physics Forums - Medical Sciences
More news stories
(Medical Xpress)—Preschoolers universally recognize that one's choices are not always free – that our decisions may be constrained by social obligations to be nice to others or follow rules set by parents ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 5 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Do ethicists engage in better moral behavior than other professors? The answer is no. Nor are they more likely than nonethicists to act according to values they espouse, according to researchers from the ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 5 hours ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Is it permissible to harm one to save many? Those who tend to say "yes" when faced with this classic dilemma are likely to be deficient in a specific kind of empathy, according to a report published in the scientific journal ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 8 hours ago | not rated yet | 1 |
(HealthDay)—The monstrous tornado that devastated Moore, Okla., on Monday, killing dozens of adults and children, is a stunning example of violent weather that can affect a child's mental well-being.
Psychology & Psychiatry 21 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Youth who had a schoolmate die by suicide are significantly more likely to consider or attempt suicide, according to a study in published in CMAJ (Canadian Medical Association Journal). This effect can last 2 years or mo ...
Psychology & Psychiatry May 21, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Researchers from Queen Mary, University of London have led the largest sequencing study of human disease to date, investigating the genetic basis of six autoimmune diseases.
38 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
Swiss scientists reveal the mechanism responsible for aging hidden deep within mitochondria—and dramatically slow it down in worms by administering antibiotics to the young.
38 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
The human gut is loaded with commensal bacteria – "good" microbes that, among other functions, help the body digest food. The gastrointestinal tract contains literally trillions of such cells, and yet the ...
34 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
Top AIDS scientists were optimistic Wednesday of finding a cure for the disease that has claimed 30 million lives—but said it might not work for all people.
18 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
Why is fish oil good for the heart? A new study suggests that this omega 3 fatty acid-rich nutrient could blunt some cardiovascular effects of mental stress.
7 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
Scientists have reversed behavioral and brain abnormalities in adult mice that resemble some features of schizophrenia by restoring normal expression to a suspect gene that is over-expressed in humans with ...
1 hour ago | not rated yet | 0 |