Can lifestyle counselling prevent adverse outcomes in pregnant women at high risk?

May 17, 2011

In this week's PLoS Medicine, Riitta Luoto and colleagues from the UKK Institute for Health Promotion Research, and University of Tampere, Finland, evaluate whether lifestyle interventions can reduce the risk of high birthweight babies and gestational diabetes amongst pregnant women at high risk for these outcomes.

They report the results of a cluster randomized trial in which groups of maternity clinics in 14 municipalities in Finland were randomized to an intervention.

The intervention comprised physical activity and dietary counselling, and was compared with a control arm in which usual care was offered.

The researchers find that babies born to women in the intervention arm had a roughly 44% reduced risk of being large for gestational age. However, they failed to show that the resulted in a reduced risk of gestational diabetes in women participating in the trial.

This video is not supported by your browser at this time.

The authors comment that "The findings of our study emphasize counseling on the topics of physical activity, diet, and weight gain in especially for women at risk for in order to prevent large for gestational age newborns possibly causing problems in delivery, and both the mother's and the child's later weight development".

More information: Luoto R, Kinnunen TI, Aittasalo M, Kolu P, Raitanen J, et al. (2011) Primary Prevention of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus and Large-for-Gestational-Age Newborns by Lifestyle Counseling: A Cluster-Randomized Controlled Trial. PLoS Med 8(5): e1001036. doi:10.1371/journal.pmed.1001036

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Older people getting smarter, but not fitter

August 31, 2015

Older populations are scoring better on cognitive tests than people of the same age did in the past —a trend that could be linked to higher education rates and increased use of technology in our daily lives, say IIASA population ...

Higher intelligence score means better physical performance

August 14, 2015

New research reveals a distinct association between male intelligence in early adulthood and their subsequent midlife physical performance. The higher intelligence score, the better physical performance, the study reveals. ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.