New malaria maps to guide battle against the disease

This map shows global P. falciparum malaria parasite prevalence -- the percentage of children infected with P. falciparum malaria. In low areas (blue) we might see one or two infected children out of every 100, whilst in high areas (red) it might be more than 50. This demonstrates how entrenched the disease remains throughout much of west and central Africa and parts of Southeast Asia. Credit: Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford

A new suite of malaria maps has revealed in unprecedented detail the current global pattern of the disease, allowing researchers to see how malaria has changed over a number of years.

In a study published in the Journal, a multinational team of researchers from the Malaria Atlas Project (MAP), funded mainly by the Wellcome Trust, present the results of a two-year effort to assemble all available data worldwide on the risk of Plasmodium falciparum malaria, the most deadly form of the . Using computer modelling and data on climate and , they have revealed the complex landscape of malaria across the globe. The maps build on the first ever Atlas of Malaria-Eliminating Countries published earlier this year.

This map shows P. falciparum malaria parasite prevalence in Africa -- the percentage of children infected with P. falciparum malaria. In low areas (blue) we might see one or two infected children out of every 100, whilst in high areas (red) it might be more than 50. This demonstrates how entrenched the disease remains throughout much of west and central Africa and parts of Southeast Asia. Credit: Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford

Malaria continues to exert an huge burden of illness and death worldwide but, after decades of neglect, the war against the disease has entered an unprecedented era: it is high on the policy agenda, international funding is beginning to translate into real increases in populations protected by and other key interventions, and a growing body of evidence points towards important reductions in illness and death.

The maps have been made freely available, along with a wide range of other malaria resources via the of a new online portal at www.map.ox.ac.uk. The research was led by Dr Pete Gething from the Department of Zoology at the University of Oxford. He says: "These new maps and our online portal are really aimed at everyone involved in the battle against the disease: from the major international organisations and funders, to other scientists, to those actually doing the disease control work on the ground."

However, in order to allocate funding where it is most needed, accurate maps detailing where the disease is most intense and where the largest concentrations of people at risk are found. The new maps reveal for the first time the startling variations in malaria risk, even over short distances.

Dr Simon Hay, who leads the MAP group in Oxford, explains: "It's increasingly clear that malaria transmission is extremely heterogeneous. This means a one-size-fits all approach to controlling is not appropriate. What works in one place might not work elsewhere. These maps are designed to help unravel that complexity and provide a practical guide to help target resources."

Sir Richard Feachem, Director of the Global Health Group at the University of California, San Francisco, and Chair of the Malaria Elimination Group has welcomed the role the new maps can play in pursuing malaria elimination. He says: "From the perspective of elimination, the key message is that malaria transmission is actually very low across large swathes of the endemic world - including the 36 countries currently engaged in elimination programmes. Mapping transmission levels in detail helps to guide these initiatives and highlights how, with concerted effort and sustained financing, we can continue to shrink the malaria map."

More information: Gething, P.W., Patil, A.P., Smith, D.L., Guerra, C.A., Elyazar, I.R.F., Johnston , G.L., Tatem, A.J. and Hay, S.I., 2011. A new world malaria map: Plasmodium falciparum endemicity in 2010. Malaria Journal, 10, 378. www.malariajournal.com/content/10/1/378/abstract

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Global maps created to show malaria hotspots

Dec 04, 2006

Global maps are being created that will define, for the first time in over 40 years, the distribution of malaria risk worldwide. The atlas will help those involved in malaria control.

Malaria elimination maps highlight progress and prospects

Oct 17, 2011

A new global atlas charts prospects for malaria elimination by offering the first full-color, detailed depiction of a disease now declining in many parts of the globe. The "Atlas of Malaria-Eliminating Countries" spotlights ...

First global malaria map in decades shows reduced risk

Feb 26, 2008

About 35 percent of the world’s population is at risk of contracting deadly malaria, but many people are at a lower risk than previously thought, raising hope that the disease could be seriously reduced ...

Recommended for you

Ebola in mind, US colleges screen some students

21 hours ago

University students from West Africa may be subject to extra health checks when they arrive to study in the United States as administrators try to insulate their campuses from the worst Ebola outbreak in ...

User comments