Extending smoking ban outside bars could help curb 'social smoking'
Extending the smoking ban outside bars could help curb "social smoking" because this goes hand in hand with drinking, suggests a small qualitative study published online in Tobacco Control.
The international evidence suggests that while the prevalence of smoking per se has decreased, social smoking - smoking intermittently or only in given situations - has increased among young adults, say the authors.
The authors carried out in-depth interviews in 2011 with 13 "social smokers," aged between 19 and 25, who were recruited through the online social network Facebook and via posters in cafes, supermarkets, and on community noticeboards.
Analysis of the transcripts showed that social smokers often had conflicted identities. They found it very difficult to reconcile their stated identity as non-smokers, who smoke.
They managed this conflict by limiting where and when they smoked and by sharply differentiating themselves from "addicted" smokers to whom, by and large, they felt superior, using several strategies.
These included claiming never to smoke alone; asserting that they controlled when, where, and how much they smoked; and defining their smoking as "a temporary phase."
They also rationalised their behaviour by saying that it only occurred when they had been drinking, describing smoking and drinking as going "hand in hand." Some said that alcohol prompted cravings for a cigarette, which they wouldn't otherwise experience.
But alcohol also enabled them to absolve themselves of any responsibility for their actions, which they inevitably subsequently regretted.
Drinking therefore enabled them to "binge smoke," while also distancing them from this behaviour, so helping to maintain their "non-smoker" persona.
One respondent commented: "Some nights I can smoke 14/15 ciggies or a pack while I'm drinking but I can never do that without alcohol."
When asked for their views on mandating smoke free areas outside bars, which could help decouple smoking and drinking, all but one participant strongly backed this proposal, and indicated that it would help them cut down or stop smoking.
"Introducing smoke-free outdoors bars could reduce social smoking by removing cues that stimulate this behaviour and changing the environment that facilitates it," suggest the authors.
"Such a policy would eliminate the current intersection between smoke-free and smoking spaces and create a physical barrier that, for some, would make accessing the smoking zone too difficult," they conclude.
Provided by British Medical Journal
- Smoking bans lead to less, not more, smoking at home: study Feb 13, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- Seeing others smoke encourages young people to smoke more Jan 09, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- Study: Smoking bans reduce smoking Aug 22, 2007 | not rated yet | 0
- Smokers would rather give up for their pooch's health rather than their own Feb 10, 2009 | not rated yet | 0
- Avoid the hookah and save your teeth Nov 08, 2005 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
Classical and Quantum Mechanics via Lie algebras
Apr 15, 2011 I'd like to open a discussion thread for version 2 of the draft of my book ''Classical and Quantum Mechanics via Lie algebras'', available online at http://lanl.arxiv.org/abs/0810.1019 , and for the...
- More from Physics Forums - Independent Research
More news stories
Children who are exposed to secondhand smoke in early childhood are more likely to grow up to physically aggressive and antisocial, regardless of whether they were exposed during pregnancy or their parents have a history ...
Health 1 hour ago | 1 / 5 (1) | 0
Most elite athletes consider doping substances "are effective" in improving performance, while recognising that they constitute cheating, can endanger health and entail the obvious risk of sanction. At the same time, the ...
Health 2 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Authorities are investigating rice mills in southern China following tests that found almost half of the staple grain in one of the country's largest cities was contaminated with a toxic metal.
Health 5 hours ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
The warning images Brussels proposes to include on tobacco packages in order to reduce consumption do not make the desired impact on smokers because they only find some of them really unpleasant. So, if the ...
Health 6 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Ten years after the Iraq war of 2003 a team of scientists based in Mosul, northern Iraq, have detected high levels of uranium contamination in soil samples at three sites in the province of Nineveh which, coupled with dramatically ...
Health 6 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Despite spending billions of dollars on research and development, drug companies have been unable to come up with effective treatments for dementia and Alzheimer's Disease (AD). Now, A. ...
1 hour ago | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Researchers at USC have found that a class of pharmaceuticals can both prevent and treat Alzheimer's Disease in mice.
8 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
Children with autism showed significant improvement after six months of simple sensory exercises at home using everyday items such as scents, spoons and sponges, according to UC Irvine neurobiologists.
48 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
An attack on glioblastoma brain tumor cells that uses a modified poliovirus is showing encouraging results in an early study to establish the proper dose level, researchers at Duke Cancer Institute report.
54 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
Overweight and obese patients are significantly more likely than their normal-weight counterparts to repeatedly switch primary care doctors, a practice that disrupts continuity of care and leads to more emergency room visits, ...
49 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
The decision to limit life support in patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) appears to be significantly influenced by physician practices and/or the culture of the hospital, suggests new findings from researchers at the ...
25 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0