M. genitalium ups risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, cervicitis

<i>M. genitalium</i> ups risk of pelvic inflammatory disease, cervicitis
Infection with Mycoplasma genitalium is an independent and strong risk factor for both cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease, according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

(HealthDay) -- Infection with Mycoplasma genitalium (M. genitalium) is an independent and strong risk factor for both cervicitis and pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), according to a study published in the June issue of the American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology.

Carina Bjartling, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Skane in Malmö, Sweden, and colleagues studied 5,519 women in a cross-sectional case-control study conducted in an outpatient gynecology center.

The researchers found that, among the women tested, the prevalence of M. genitalium was 2.1 percent and the prevalence of Chlamydia trachomatis (C. trachomatis) was 2.8 percent. In an analysis of 679 women, both PID and cervicitis were each independently associated with M. genitalium (odds ratios [ORs], 9.00 [95 percent confidence interval (CI), 1.62 to 49.89] and 3.80 [95 percent CI, 2.06 to 7.03], respectively). There was a significantly higher frequency of both PID (18.3 versus 4.9 percent) and cervicitis (33.4 versus 22.3 percent) in women with C. trachomatis than in with M. genitalium.

"M. genitalium was an independent and strong risk factor for both cervicitis and PID, although, compared to C. trachomatis, clinical manifestations were less frequent," the authors write.

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

New Chlamydia test shows type of infection

May 24, 2011

A new Chlamydia test can quickly and easily demonstrate the subtype (serovar) of the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis a person is infected with. This has important clinical implications, because some Chlamydia subtypes, that ...

Recommended for you

Study reveals nervous system's role in asthma attacks

Jul 22, 2014

(Medical Xpress)—Asthma is a debilitating condition that kills 250,000 people around the world each year. People with asthma have hyperreactive airways and thickened lung walls obstructed with mucus. During ...

New diagnostic test to distinguish psoriasis from eczema

Jul 10, 2014

In some patients, the chronic inflammatory skin diseases psoriasis and eczema are similar in appearance. Up to now, dermatologists have therefore had to base their decision on which treatment should be selected on their own ...

User comments