BMI thresholds for gestational diabetes differ by race

BMI thresholds for gestational diabetes differ by race
There is considerable racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus by body mass index, according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.

(HealthDay) -- There is considerable racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.

Monique Hedderson, Ph.D., from Kaiser Permanente Northern California in Oakland, and colleagues analyzed data from 123,040 women without diabetes prior to their pregnancy, who delivered babies between 1995 and 2006. The racial/ in the prevalence of GDM by BMI were assessed.

The researchers found that the age-adjusted prevalence of GDM increased with increasing BMI in all racial/ethnic groups. The prevalence of GDM differed by race; at a BMI of 22.0 to 24.9 kg/m², the prevalence was 9.9 percent for Asian women and 8.5 percent for Filipina women, whereas for Hispanic, non-Hispanic white, and African-American women, the prevalence of GDM was >8.0 percent at a BMI of 28 to 30, 34 to 36, and ≥37 kg/m², respectively. If all pregnant women were of normal weight (BMI <25.0 kg/m²), the percentage of GDM that could be prevented ranged from 65 percent for African-American women to 23 percent for Asian women.

"Clinicians should be aware that the BMI thresholds for increased risk of GDM varies by racial/ethnic group and that the risk is high even at relatively low BMI cutoffs in Asian and Filipina women," the authors write.

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Gestational diabetes, obesity impact pregnancy outcomes

date Mar 02, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who are obese have significantly higher odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to findings from the multinational Hyperglycemia and Adverse ...

Recommended for you

Faster heart rate linked to diabetes risk

date May 22, 2015

An association between resting heart rate and diabetes suggests that heart rate measures could identify individuals with a higher future risk of diabetes, according to an international team of researchers.

EBV co-infection may boost malaria mortality in childhood

date May 21, 2015

Many people who live in sub-Saharan Africa develop a natural immunity to malaria, through repeated exposure to Plasmodium parasites. Even so, the disease kills close to half a million children per year, according ...

Three important things you didn't know about diabetes

date May 21, 2015

When we think of diabetes, we tend to think of rich people with poor lifestyles. A chronic disease linked with obesity, heart disease and worse outcomes for some infectious diseases, diabetes tends to be ...

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.