More hospitalizations, higher charges, for kids with high blood pressure

June 18, 2012

Hospitalizations for children with high blood pressure and related charges dramatically increased during 10 years ending in 2006, according to a study published in the American Heart Association journal Hypertension.

This nationally-based study is the first in which researchers examined hypertension hospitalizations in children.

While researchers expected a rise in hospitalizations due to the increased frequency of in children, "the created by inpatient childhood high blood pressure was surprising," said Cheryl Tran, M.D., study lead author and pediatric nephrology fellow in the Department of Pediatric Nephrology at the University of Michigan in Ann Arbor.

Researchers obtained discharge records from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project (HCUP) Kids' Inpatient Database from 1997, 2000, 2003 and 2006.

They found:

  • Pediatric hypertension-related hospitalizations in the United States nearly doubled, from 12,661 in 1997 to 24,602 in 2006.
  • Charges for inpatient care for hypertensive children increased by 50 percent, reaching an estimated $3.1 billion. That does not include outpatient charges, a figure that remains unknown nationwide.
  • The most significant increases in healthcare charges were for children with hypertension and end stage .
  • Average length of stay for children with hypertension was double that of children with other illnesses, eight days compared to four days.
Researchers hypothesize that the increasing hospitalizations may in part be due to the rise in .

Children hospitalized with hypertension were more likely to be older than 9 years, male, African-American and treated in a teaching hospital.

Overall, the most common diagnoses for hospitalized children were pneumonia, and asthma. When hypertension was the primary diagnosis, convulsive disorder, headache, obesity and were the most common secondary diagnoses.

When high blood pressure was in any diagnoses, the most common primary diagnoses were lupus, complications of kidney transplant, pneumonia and acute proliferative glomerulonephritis, a condition in the kidney that causes inflammation that can result in hypertension.

Physicians should address healthy lifestyle habits during children's well visits to reduce hypertension, Tran said.

"A child with high blood pressure is at increased risk for having high blood pressure in adulthood and the heart and stroke risks that come with that diagnosis," she said. Hypertension is present in 1 percent to 3 percent of children in the United States. Among children ages 2 to 19 years, 31.7 percent are overweight (23.6 million) and 16.9 percent are obese (12.6 million), according to statistics.

Explore further: Neurologically impaired children dependent on children's hospitals

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Heart attack treatment hypothesis 'busted'

July 6, 2015

Researchers have long had reason to hope that blocking the flow of calcium into the mitochondria of heart and brain cells could be one way to prevent damage caused by heart attacks and strokes. But in a study of mice engineered ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.