Physical activity reduces compensatory weight gain after liposuction

Abdominal liposuction triggers a compensatory increase in visceral fat, which is correlated with cardiovascular disease, but this effect can be counteracted by physical activity, according to a recent study in the Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism, a publication of The Endocrine Society.

Liposuction is one of the most popular aesthetic surgery procedures performed worldwide, but its long-term impact on health remains unclear. Previous studies have shown that the immediate decrease in body fat following liposuction may affect and by triggering feedback mechanisms of body fat regain. The current study investigated the effects of liposuction on body fat distribution and whether physical activity could prevent fat regain.

"We found that removing adipose tissue from the body, as liposuction does, may result in a decrease in total energy expenditure and compensatory growth of visceral fat which is associated with heart disease," said Fabiana Braga Benatti, PhD, of the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil and lead author of the study. "The good news is that exercise training was effective in counteracting this compensatory growth. If someone chooses to undergo liposuction, it is very important, if not essential, that this person exercises after the surgery."

In this study 36 healthy women underwent a small-volume liposuction of the abdomen. Two months after the surgery, the women were randomly allocated into two groups; one group was put on a 4-month exercise program, and the other was not. Liposuction was effective in reducing subcutaneous abdominal fat, but after six months the group that did not exercise showed a significant ten percent increase in visceral fat and decreased energy expenditure when compared to study participants who exercised.

"We believe patients should be informed of the possible compensatory visceral fat growth and the associated with a liposuction procedure," said Benatti. "Additionally, health professionals are encouraged to recommend as an intervention following liposuction surgery."

More information: The original article, "Liposuction Induces a Compensatory Increase of Visceral Fat which Is Effectively Counteracted by Physical Activity: A Randomized Trial" appears in the July 2012 issue of JCEM.

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Do you think liposuction will get rid of that fat forever?

May 09, 2011

Liposuction has become one of the most popular plastic surgeries in the country. It has been around since 1974 and there are now more than 450,000 operations a year. But does the fat come back? A recent study by Teri L. ...

Fat transplantation can have metabolic benefits

May 06, 2008

When transplanted deep into the abdomen, fat taken from just under the skin comes with metabolic benefits, or at least it does in mice, reveals a new study in the May issue of Cell Metabolism.

Recommended for you

What are the chances that your dad isn't your dad?

Apr 16, 2014

How confident are you that the man you call dad is really your biological father? If you believe some of the most commonly-quoted figures, you could be forgiven for not being very confident at all. But how ...

New technology that is revealing the science of chewing

Apr 15, 2014

CSIRO's 3D mastication modelling, demonstrated for the first time in Melbourne today, is starting to provide researchers with new understanding of how to reduce salt, sugar and fat in food products, as well ...

After skin cancer, removable model replaces real ear

Apr 11, 2014

(HealthDay)—During his 10-year struggle with basal cell carcinoma, Henry Fiorentini emerged minus his right ear, and minus the hearing that goes with it. The good news: Today, the 56-year-old IT programmer ...

Italy scraps ban on donor-assisted reproduction

Apr 09, 2014

Italy's Constitutional Court on Wednesday struck down a Catholic Church-backed ban against assisted reproduction with sperm or egg donors that has forced thousands of sterile couples to seek help abroad.

User comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

speakermagnet
not rated yet Jun 14, 2012
It would have been interesting to see the results of an additional control group that did not undergo the liposuction and instead followed the prescribed 4 month exercise program.