Racial disparity in diabetes mostly due to lifestyle

Racial disparity in diabetes mostly due to lifestyle
For postmenopausal women there are large racial/ethnic differences in diabetes incidence, but these are mostly attributable to lifestyle factors, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

(HealthDay) -- For postmenopausal women there are large racial/ethnic differences in diabetes incidence, but these are mostly attributable to lifestyle factors, according to a study published online July 25 in Diabetes Care.

Yunsheng Ma, M.D., Ph.D., from the University of Massachusetts Medical School in Worcester, and colleagues analyzed data from 158,833 women (average baseline age, 63 years) recruited from 1993 to 1998 and followed in the Women's Health Initiative study through August 2009. The association between race/ethnicity, other potential risk factors, and the risk of diabetes was assessed.

The researchers found that 84.1 percent of participants were non-Hispanic white, 9.2 percent non-Hispanic black, 4.1 percent Hispanic, and 2.6 percent Asian. Over an average of 10.4 years of follow-up the hazard ratios for incident diabetes were 1.55, 1.67, and 1.86 for blacks, Hispanics, and Asians, respectively, compared with whites. Whites, blacks, and Hispanics categorized as low-risk for weight, physical activity, dietary quality, and smoking had 60, 69, and 63 percent lower risk for incident diabetes, respectively. Across , compared with obese inactive women, women who had both a healthy weight and were in the highest tertile of physical activity had less than one-third the risk of diabetes.

"Despite large racial/ethnic differences in diabetes incidence, most variability could be attributed to ," the authors write. "Our findings show that the majority of diabetes cases are preventable, and risk reduction strategies can be effectively applied to all racial/ethnic groups."

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

BMI thresholds for gestational diabetes differ by race

Jun 01, 2012

(HealthDay) -- There is considerable racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.

Breast cancer risk factors differ among races

Apr 26, 2010

A new study finds that factors known to increase the risk of breast cancer among white women have less influence in Hispanic women. Published early online in Cancer, a peer-reviewed journal of the American Cancer Societ ...

Race might play role in success of weight-loss surgery

Jun 20, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Black women without diabetes lost about 10 percent less weight than white women after having a weight-loss procedure called gastric bypass surgery, but having diabetes helped increase their ...

Diabetes linked to lung cancer in postmenopausal women

May 30, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Postmenopausal women with diabetes are at a significantly higher risk of developing lung cancer, particularly if they require insulin therapy, according to research published online May 22 in ...

Recommended for you

Screening for diabetes at dental visits using oral blood

Feb 26, 2015

It is estimated that 8.1 million of the 29.1 million Americans living with diabetes are undiagnosed and many who have diabetes have poor glycemic control. Given that each year many Americans visit a dental provider but not ...

CBT, sertraline insufficient in diabetes and depression

Feb 26, 2015

(HealthDay)—For patients with diabetes and depression, improvements in depression are seen with cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) or sertraline, with a significant advantage for sertraline, but glycemic ...

Early signs in young children predict type 1 diabetes

Feb 26, 2015

New research shows that it is possible to predict the development of type 1 diabetes. By measuring the presence of autoantibodies in the blood, it is possible to detect whether the immune system has begun to break down the ...

Daily menu plan reduces blood sugar significantly

Feb 25, 2015

A large group of people with diabetes who followed a menu plan created by University of Alberta nutrition researchers for just three months significantly reduced their blood sugar levels.

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.