Words that describe feelings lost in dementia
(Medical Xpress) -- Dementia can affect a persons ability to recognise the meaning of common emotional words such as thrilled and annoyed, according to new research.
Dr Sharpley Hsieh and colleagues from Neuroscience Research Australia explored how people with different types of dementia comprehend words describing feelings, such as doubt and hopeful.
People use emotion words in everyday conversation and dont realise it. How often do we use sentences such as Im frustrated or shes impressed? These are key words and you have to know them to understand a sentence, Dr Hsieh says.
Dr Hsieh found that people with Alzheimers disease are still able to understand these kinds of words, but people with other types of dementia are not.
People suffering from semantic dementia a type of frontotemporal dementia and the second most common dementia in people under 65 experience a severe loss of word and conceptual knowledge. This latest study confirms that for this group of people, their understanding of emotion words is also severely affected.
You can easily show a picture of a car to test this word, or a smiling face to show happiness. But feelings such as frustration or embarrassment are difficult to depict and so until now we havent been able to look at whether these concepts are lost in people with different dementias, Dr Hsieh says.
These findings have implications for sufferers of dementia, carers and families.
Losing the concept of a toaster, for example, will impact upon a persons quality of life, but the prevalence of words used to communicate feelings and emotion in our language must make the lack of understanding of these words so devastating for patients and their carers, Dr Hsieh says.
This study is published in the journal Neuropsychology.
How was this study done?
-- People with semantic dementia, behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia, and Alzheimers disease were compared to healthy people without any dementia.
-- Two tests were given. The first asked patients to couple feelings such as anger with fury or remorse; the second asked patients to associate words such as terror in the right context such as hiding or playing.
-- Patients with Alzheimers disease demonstrated the most successful level of comprehension across tests; people with behavioural-variant frontotemporal dementia showed a mixed response depending on the test.
-- Patients with semantic dementia were the most impaired on both tests.
Provided by Neuroscience Research Australia
- Musical study challenges long-held view of left brain-right brain split Jun 04, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- 'Motherese' important for children's language development May 06, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Swear words shed light on how language shapes thought Jul 25, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Men have a stronger reaction to seeing other men's emotions compared with women's Dec 07, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Improving web search Jan 16, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
Force Between Two Concentric Solenoids
2 hours ago Imagine a finite length solenoid with outer radius R1 and inner radius R2. This solenoid has a time-varying current going though it. This solenoid is...
Synchrotron, question about insertion devices and electron velocity
2 hours ago When an electron enters an insertion device (wiggler and undulator) from the storage ring in a synchrotron the tangential velocity is equal to the...
Equating differentials => equating coefficients
4 hours ago Hi all, In thermodynamics one often has equations like A dx + B dy = ∂f/∂x dx + ∂f/∂y dy From which follows A = ∂f/∂x B = ∂f/∂y
The idea behind a reverse shock
10 hours ago So in a supernova explosion for example (5th slide) http://www.astro.princeton.edu/~burrows/classes/541/blastwavesChisari.pdf Ambient medium is...
Guass's Law for a charge distribution
10 hours ago First, this is not a homework question, just something I've been confused about for some time. I understand how to use Guass's law in many ways but...
11 hours ago Hello :) i'm new to this forum, so excuse me for my straightforwardness ;) I'm working on my bachelor work and i can't find a solution. I'm writing...
- More from Physics Forums - Classical Physics
More news stories
In the search for medication against Alzheimer's disease, scientists have focused – among other factors – on drugs that can break down Amyloid beta (A-beta). After all, it is the accumulation of A-beta that causes the ...
Alzheimer's disease & dementia May 24, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—The way Alzheimer's disease is portrayed by advocacy groups and the media is having undue influence on the euthanasia debate, according to a Deakin University nursing ethics professor.
Alzheimer's disease & dementia May 24, 2013 | not rated yet | 2
Cinnamon: Can the red-brown spice with the unmistakable fragrance and variety of uses offer an important benefit? The common baking spice might hold the key to delaying the onset of –– or warding off ...
Alzheimer's disease & dementia May 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
An anti-cancer drug reverses memory deficits in an Alzheimer's disease mouse model, University of Pittsburgh Graduate School of Public Health researchers confirm in the journal Science.
Alzheimer's disease & dementia May 23, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Teams of highly respected Alzheimer's researchers failed to replicate what appeared to be breakthrough results for the treatment of this brain disease when they were published last year in the journal Science.
Alzheimer's disease & dementia May 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 3 |
Coenzyme Q10 decreases all cause mortality by half, according to the results of a multicentre randomised double blind trial presented today at Heart Failure 2013 congress. It is the first drug to improve heart failure mortality ...
16 hours ago | 5 / 5 (2) | 5
(HealthDay)—Animals make great companions for senior citizens, but elderly people who always drive with a pet in the car are far more likely to crash than those who never drive with a pet, researchers have ...
8 hours ago | not rated yet | 1
Heart failure accelerates the aging process and brings on early andropausal syndrome (AS), according to research presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2013. AS, also referred to as male 'menopause', was four times ...
16 hours ago | not rated yet | 1
Mortality and length of stay are highest in heart failure patients admitted in January, on Friday, and overnight, according to research presented today at the Heart Failure Congress 2013. The analysis of nearly 1 million ...
16 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
(AP)—Department of Justice lawyers have again asked a federal appeals court in New York to delay lifting age restrictions and prescription requirements on an emergency contraceptive popularly known as the morning-after ...
16 hours ago | not rated yet | 0