New method helps target Parkinson's disease
(Medical Xpress)—Health professionals may soon have a new method of diagnosing Parkinson's disease, one that is noninvasive and inexpensive, and, in early testing, has proved to be effective more than 90 percent of the time.
In addition, this new method has the potential to track the progression of Parkinson's, as well as measure the effectiveness of treatments for the disorder, said Rahul Shrivastav, professor and chairperson of Michigan State University's Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders and a member of the team developing the new method.
It involves monitoring a patient's speech patterns – specifically, movement patterns of the tongue and jaw.
"In Parkinson's disease, a common limitation is that the movements become slow and have a reduced range," said Shrivastav. "We believe we see this pattern in speech too – the tongue doesn't move as far as it should, doesn't move as quickly as it should and produces subtle changes in speech patterns."
This method is particularly sensitive to Parkinson's disease speech and, Shrivastav said, is effective with only two seconds of speech.
"That's significant in several ways: The detection methodology is noninvasive, easy to administer, inexpensive and capable of being used remotely and in telemedicine applications," he said.
Presently there are no tried-and-true methods for diagnosing Parkinson's. Shrivastav said if a person is showing early symptoms of the disease, which include tremors, slower movements or rigid muscles, he or she is given a drug to treat the disease.
"If the symptoms go away," he said, "then it's assumed you must have Parkinson's disease."
In more advanced cases, he said, symptoms are usually prominent enough that it is fairly easy to diagnose.
Parkinson's disease is a neurological disorder affecting a half million people in the United States, with 50,000 newly diagnosed cases every year. It occurs when nerve cells in the brain stop producing a chemical called dopamine, which helps control muscle movement. Without dopamine, the nerve cells cannot properly send messages, leading to the loss of muscle function.
While there is no cure for Parkinson's disease, early detection is particularly important since the treatments currently available for controlling symptoms are most effective at that stage.
Provided by Michigan State University
- People with Parkinson's more likely to have leg restlessness than restless leg syndrome Nov 09, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Immune cells contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease Dec 22, 2008 | not rated yet | 0
- A fading sense of smell may signal onset of Parkinson's disease Dec 11, 2008 | not rated yet | 0
- New research implicates natural toxin as triggering Parkinson's disease Feb 10, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
- Early detection of Parkinson's disease by voice analysis Apr 19, 2010 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
Solvability of a circuit
2 hours ago Let's say I have a circuit consisting only of a finite number of batteries and resistors, all ideal. Given an arbitrary shape of this circuit, will I...
Question about perception of colors around light sources
5 hours ago When I look at a distant light source (like car headlights, or street lamp lights) I notice colors of the visible spectrum (as separated (as in after...
Does a charged particle rotate when traveling through a static Bf?
7 hours ago I have been looking at mass spectrometers, in particular the interactions between the Bf ind of a charged particle in motion in a static Bf of the...
Find a link between physics and assignment problems
8 hours ago Hi ! I've been working about assignments problems and how to solve them. I will have to do a presentation about it in few weeks. However, I'll...
Light as a source of electricity
8 hours ago Hello Dear Fellows! We all know that light is an electromagnetic wave and also we know that an antenna receives EM waves and...
A question about the energy stored in a capacitor.
8 hours ago If we imagine a simple circuit with a battery and a capacitor with negligible internal resistance, the capacitor is charged up to a point where the...
- More from Physics Forums - Classical Physics
More news stories
Faulty energy production in brain cells leads to disorders ranging from Parkinson's to intellectual disability
Neuroscientist Patrik Verstreken of VIB (Flanders Institute for Biotechnology) and KU Leuven has shown for the first time that dysfunctional mitochondria in brain cells can lead to learning disabilities. The link between ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders May 17, 2013 | 4 / 5 (2) | 0
McGill University researchers have unlocked a new door to developing drugs to slow the progression of Parkinson's disease. Collaborating teams led by Dr. Edward A. Fon at the Montreal Neurological Institute and Hospital -The ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders May 09, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
New research reveals that Solanaceae—a flowering plant family with some species producing foods that are edible sources of nicotine—may provide a protective effect against Parkinson's disease. The study appearing today ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders May 09, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine have exposed the possible function, in the healthy brain, of a mysterious molecule that has been strongly implicated in Parkinson's ...
Parkinson's & Movement disorders May 01, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A protein known to be a key player in the development of Parkinson's disease is able to enter and harm cells in the same way that viruses do, according to a Loyola University Chicago Stritch School of Medicine study.
Parkinson's & Movement disorders Apr 25, 2013 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
Researchers at the University of Wisconsin have identified a potential new risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea: asthma. Using data from the National Institutes of Health (Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute)-funded Wisconsin ...
7 hours ago | not rated yet | 0 |
In their quest to learn more about the variability of cells between and within tissues, biomedical scientists have devised tools capable of simultaneously measuring dozens of characteristics of individual ...
8 hours ago | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
Scientists at Johns Hopkins have turned their view of osteoarthritis (OA) inside out. Literally. Instead of seeing the painful degenerative disease as a problem primarily of the cartilage that cushions joints, ...
8 hours ago | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A new study looking at sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) and markers for Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and neuroimaging adds to the growing body of research linking the two.
8 hours ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
The hunt for an HIV vaccine has gobbled up $8 billion in the past decade, and the failure of the most recent efficacy trial has delivered yet another setback to 26 years of efforts.
12 hours ago | not rated yet | 0
Gourmands and foodies everywhere have long recognized ginger as a great way to add a little peppery zing to both sweet and savory dishes; now, a study from researchers at Columbia University shows purified components of the ...
7 hours ago | not rated yet | 0