Research focuses on the psychology of trust
(Medical Xpress)—Coming soon to a bookstore near you—a handbook on the science of reliance. Trust me.
Wright State psychology professor Tamera Schneider has embarked on a research project designed to investigate existing research on trust, perhaps refine its definition, and throw the spotlight on ways to strengthen trust among employees and soldiers.
"It can help people who need to understand how you can enhance trust, to be able to implement those things more prudently without spinning their wheels, without wasting their time," said Schneider, Ph.D. "If you had more trust, you would be able to be more collaborative. You would be able to be focusing on the group goals and problem solving."
It's not Schneider's first brush with the issue of trust. She has done research on trust in five-person teams whose members with interdependent tasks could only communicate electronically, via chat.
"We were trying to study trust in a more experimental way," she said. "And we didn't get some of the findings we expected based on the literature on trust."
The literature on trust paralleled that on emotional intelligence, which began to get deeper scientific study following publication of psychologist Dan Goleman's bestselling book Emotional Intelligence.
Goleman developed the argument that non-cognitive skills can matter as much as IQ for workplace success and leadership effectiveness.
"The idea is that you can have someone with a very high IQ, but they can be dysfunctional," Schneider said. "You can have someone with an average IQ who can be extremely functional complemented by levels of high emotional intelligence."
And many people believe that emotional intelligence in a leader is required to develop trust in teams.
Schneider said researchers are trying to better understand what builds trust, its physiological and emotional antecedents and effects, and the outcomes.
She said some research suggests that trust can be enhanced by putting people in a good mood or by modifying their levels of oxytocin, a hormone that affects brain activity.
"There has been some good research done, but it's a matter of finding out where that is, what it tells us," she said. "It's looking at the literature very deeply. Having a book that's steeped in the literature can really guide that field to have more depth, to ask better questions."
The research is the result of a three-year, $125,280 grant from SRA International, Inc., a Fairfax, Va.-based company that supports government clients in civilian, defense, health, intelligence, law enforcement and homeland security agencies.
Trust within military ranks can be critical, especially when there are soldiers of different cultures serving together.
"And it's not just that we now have to trust each other; we have technology that we have to trust," she said. "We have unmanned vehicles that we have to trust. We get so much information from technology, and how do we know to trust that?"
Schneider said the most difficult part of her research, which is just getting started, will be scouring the literature because there is so much of it. The initial focus will be on trust research done in health care and industrial organizational psychology.
"One of the easiest things for us to do will be to take all of these puzzle pieces and come up with this more coherent, current and innovative puzzle of what this trust thing is," she said. "We are already thinking that we're going to have to change the definition of trust to be more precise. That's something I didn't anticipate. It's become a lot more exciting earlier on than I would have expected."
Provided by Wright State University
- Trust me, I'm a journalist Jan 22, 2009 | not rated yet | 0
- Presence of safety measures affects people's trust in the safety of tourist destinations Oct 02, 2008 | not rated yet | 0
- Trust in management key to avoiding correctional staff burnout Aug 17, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
- In a global economy, trust is a critical commodity May 01, 2008 | not rated yet | 0
- Poll: Bush not trusted on healthcare Feb 22, 2007 | not rated yet | 0
- Motion perception revisited: High Phi effect challenges established motion perception assumptions Apr 23, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 2
- Anything you can do I can do better: Neuromolecular foundations of the superiority illusion (Update) Apr 02, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (11) | 5
- The visual system as economist: Neural resource allocation in visual adaptation Mar 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 9
- Separate lives: Neuronal and organismal lifespans decoupled Mar 27, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0
- Sizing things up: The evolutionary neurobiology of scale invariance Feb 28, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (10) | 14
Why is zone 1 in liver more prone to ischemic injury?
May 23, 2013 Hi, Is it because around central vein, there is only deoxygenated blood from the vein where as in the periphery there is hepatic artery. Also why...
How can there be villous adenoma in colon, if there are no villi there
May 22, 2013 As title suggest. Thanks :smile:
How can there be a term called "intestinal metaplasia" of stomach
May 21, 2013 Hello everyone, Ok Stomach's normal epithelium is simple columnar, now in intestinal type of adenocarcinoma of stomach it undergoes "intestinal...
Pressure-volume curve: Elastic Recoil Pressure don't make sense
May 18, 2013 From pressure-volume curve of the lung and chest wall (attached photo), I don't understand why would the elastic recoil pressure of the lung is...
If you became brain-dead, would you want them to pull the plug?
May 17, 2013 I'd want the rest of me to stay alive. Sure it's a lousy way to live but it beats being all-the-way dead. Maybe if I make it 20 years they'll...
MRI bill question
May 15, 2013 Dear PFers, The hospital gave us a $12k bill for one MRI (head with contrast). The people I talked to at the hospital tell me that they do not...
- More from Physics Forums - Medical Sciences
More news stories
(Medical Xpress)—Research by Stanford scholar Emma Seppala at the Center for Compassion and Altruism Research and Education found that post-traumatic stress disorder decreased in veterans who participated ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 4 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Patients with diabetes who are depressed are much more likely to develop episodes of dangerously low blood sugars, or hypoglycemia, than are those who are not depressed, a new study has ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 1 hour ago | not rated yet | 0 |
A brief visual task can predict IQ, according to a new study. This surprisingly simple exercise measures the brain's unconscious ability to filter out visual movement. The study shows that individuals whose ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 21 hours ago | 4.5 / 5 (10) | 1 |
Nervous about that upcoming job interview? You might want to take steps to reduce your jitters, especially if you are a man.
Psychology & Psychiatry 21 hours ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Research by U of T Mississauga psychology professor Glenn Schellenberg reveals that two key personality traits – openness-to-experience and conscientiousness—predict better than IQ ...
Psychology & Psychiatry 23 hours ago | 3 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—A new study by researchers in the US has shown that an ancient virus can be modified to help in the fight against the simian immunodeficiency virus SIV, which is the equivalent in monkeys ...
2 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—UCD researchers led by Conway Fellow, Professor David Brayden in UCD School of Veterinary Medicine have successfully reduced inflammation in the swollen arthritic knees of a murine model using a novel nanoparticle.
24 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Curtin University researchers have found evidence that targeting specific cells in the body can reverse the effects of cancer on the immune system.
44 minutes ago | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Transformative research from Western University has identified new hormones in the body which may suppress breast cancer and stimulate the regression of breast tumors.
34 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
A new program for treating the emotional health of mothers of children with ADHD has shown significant benefits for the children themselves, finds a new study by University of Maryland researchers. The program combines treatment ...
44 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0
A new way of interpreting information from a low-tech, age-old method used in pregnancy care is expected to more accurately identify potential health issues for mothers and babies.
44 minutes ago | not rated yet | 0