Plumber and spray painter high-risk occupations for asthma

Despite known risks and recommendations for protective equipment, many people are still affected with asthma after exposure to chemicals at work. This is the finding of an international study of 13,000 people carried out at the Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, Sweden.

Asthma is among the most common adult diseases in the world. Despite the fact that the risks of have long been known and that there are well-established recommendations for handling chemicals and , many cases of asthma are still caused by exposure to toxic substances at work.

A study at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg, has tracked asthma cases among 13,000 randomly selected adults in Sweden, Norway, Denmark, Iceland and Estonia from 1980 to 2000. According to the study, 429 people had asthma during this period. Seven percent of cases among women were linked to workplace exposure—and among men, the number

The study found that total incidence was 1.3 asthma cases per 1,000 men, and 2.4 cases per 1,000 women. "To be able to work proactively, it is essential to show which substances at work increase the risk of asthma and which occupations are high-risk," says Linnea Lillienberg, researcher at Sahlgrenska Academy, University of Gothenburg.

According to the study, high-risk occupations include:

  • spray painters, who are exposed to diisocyanates in paint
  • plumbers, who handle adhesives and
  • cleaners, who handle
  • health care and social services personnel, who are exposed to detergents and latex in latex gloves, especially if the gloves contain powder
  • food and workers, who are exposed to proteins from the vegetable kingdom
  • hair stylists, who handle chemicals in bleach and nail beauticians, who use fast-acting glue.
"Some people are more susceptible than others. For example, people with have asthma more often if they're exposed to proteins from . But if we look at individuals with no increased susceptibility, the risk was greater among those who were exposed to epoxy and diisocyanates, which are found in glue, varnish and foam plastic. Among women without hay fever, the risk was particularly elevated among those who handled detergents," says Linnea Lillienberg.

The study, "Occupational Exposure and New-onset Asthma in a Population-based Study in Northern Europe (RHINE)" was published in The Annals of Occupational Hygiene.

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Women with asthma feel worse

Nov 09, 2009

Women with asthma are more anxious, find it harder to sleep and are more tired during the day than their male counterparts, but nevertheless tend to be better at following their treatment, reveals a thesis from the Sahlgrenska ...

Recommended for you

US seniors' health poorest, global survey shows

9 hours ago

(HealthDay)— Seniors in America have more chronic health problems and take more medications than seniors in 10 other industrialized countries do, according to a new global survey. The United States also ...

New survey of employers about the health insurance market

10 hours ago

A new nationally representative survey of employers—the largest purchasers of health care in the country— shows that most are unfamiliar with objective metrics of health plan quality information. The survey, conducted ...

Running really can keep you young, study says

13 hours ago

If you are an active senior who wants to stay younger, keep on running. A new study involving the University of Colorado Boulder and Humboldt State University shows that senior citizens who run several times ...

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.