Baseline factors impact lifestyle intervention success

February 7, 2013
Baseline factors impact lifestyle intervention success
Certain baseline characteristics better predict successful weight loss with the Diabetes Prevention Program lifestyle intervention, according to a study published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

(HealthDay)—Certain baseline characteristics better predict successful weight loss with the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP) lifestyle intervention, according to a study published in the January issue of Diabetes Care.

Linda M. Delahanty, R.D., from Massachusetts General Hospital in Boston, and colleagues analyzed survey results from a sample of the DPP participants (274 participants; 25 percent) to determine pretreatment characteristics and changes in psychological and behavioral factors that predict weight outcomes. Weight history and psychological and behavioral factors were assessed at baseline and six months after completion of the 16-session core curriculum.

The researchers found that 40.5 percent had achieved the DPP 7 percent weight loss goal. Older age, race, older age when first overweight, fewer self-implemented weight loss attempts, greater exercise self-efficacy, greater , fewer fat-related dietary behaviors, and more level (as measured at baseline) were independent predictors of successful end-of-study weight loss with the DPP lifestyle intervention. Many psychological and behavioral targets significantly improved with the DPP core curriculum. Better long-term weight loss was predicted by changes in low-fat diet self-efficacy and dietary restraint skills.

" who translate the DPP should be aware of pretreatment characteristics that may hamper or enhance weight loss, consider prioritizing strategies to improve low-fat diet self-efficacy and dietary restraint skills, and examine whether taking these actions improves weight loss outcomes," the authors write.

Explore further: Nervous system activity may predict successful weight loss

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Nervous system activity may predict successful weight loss

December 5, 2011

A recent study of obese volunteers participating in a 12-week dietary weight-loss program found that successful weight losers had significantly higher resting nerve activity compared to weight-loss resistant individuals. ...

Recommended for you

Research shows nerve growth protein controls blood sugar

November 14, 2016

Research led by a Johns Hopkins University biologist demonstrates the workings of a biochemical pathway that helps control glucose in the bloodstream, a development that could potentially lead to treatments for diabetes.

Researchers discover new regulator in glucose metabolism

November 9, 2016

A key genetic switch in the liver regulates glucose metabolism and insulin action in other organs of the body. Researchers of Helmholtz Zentrum München, in collaboration with colleagues of the Heidelberg University Hospital, ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.