Acute physical exercise improves executive function

Acute physical exercise improves executive function
Acute physical exercise improves executive function in children, adolescents, and young adults, according to a meta-analysis published online March 6 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

(HealthDay)—Acute physical exercise improves executive function in children, adolescents, and young adults, according to a meta-analysis published online March 6 in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Lot Verburgh, from VU University Amsterdam, and colleagues conducted a literature review and meta-analysis of 19 studies to assess the effects of on executive functions in children (age 6 to 12 years), adolescents (age 13 to 17 years), and young adults (age 18 to 35 years).

The researchers found that acute physical exercise had a significant overall effect on executive functions, with no significant differences between the age groups. There was no significant overall effect of chronic physical exercise on executive functions. In meta-analyses, acute physical exercise had a significant effect on the domain's inhibition/interference control (d, 0.46: P < 0.001), but the effect on working memory was not significant (d, 0.05; P = 0.86). The effects of chronic physical exercise on planning was not significant (d, 0.16; P = 0.18).

"The results suggest that acute physical exercise enhances executive functioning, which is highly relevant in preadolescent children and adolescents, given the importance of well-developed executive functions for academic achievement and daily life functioning," write the authors. "The results are highly relevant, given the current increase in obesity in children and adolescents and the increase in in these age-groups."

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Short bouts of exercise boost self control

Mar 06, 2013

Short bouts of moderately intense exercise seem to boost self control, indicates an analysis of the published evidence in the British Journal of Sports Medicine.

Aerobic exercise boosts brain power

Dec 13, 2012

The physical benefits of regular exercise and remaining physically active, especially as we age, are well documented. However, it appears that it is not only the body which benefits from exercise, but the mind too. The evidence ...

Exercise helps us to eat a healthy diet

Nov 23, 2011

A healthy diet and the right amount of exercise are key players in treating and preventing obesity but we still know little about the relationship both factors have with each other. A new study now reveals ...

Interventions helpful for breast cancer-induced menopause

Oct 11, 2012

(HealthDay)—Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and physical exercise improve endocrine and urinary symptoms as well as physical functioning in patients with breast cancer treatment-induced menopause, according ...

Recommended for you

Patient-centered medical homes reduce costs

14 minutes ago

The patient-centered medical home (PCMH), introduced in 2007, is a model of health care that emphasizes personal relationships, team delivery of care, coordination across specialties and care settings, quality ...

New mums still excessively sleepy after four months

1 hour ago

(Medical Xpress)—New mums are being urged to be cautious about returning to work too quickly, after a QUT study found one in two were still excessively sleepy four months after giving birth.

It's time to address the health of men around the world

1 hour ago

All over the world, men die younger than women and do worse on a host of health indicators, yet policy makers rarely focus on this "men's health gap" or adopt programs aimed at addressing it, according to an international ...

User comments

Adjust slider to filter visible comments by rank

Display comments: newest first

Sanescience
not rated yet Mar 12, 2013
I read this. If I knew what they considered to be "acute" or "chronic" or what they think "executive function" is I might understand why "no significant overall effect of chronic physical exercise on executive functions" or "The effects of chronic physical exercise on planning was not significant" some how translates into the headline that it does.

What a mess.