Source of infection affects hospital mortality in septic shock patients in the ICU

In ICU patients who have septic shock, the anatomic source of infection has a strong effect on the chances of survival, according to a new study from researchers in Canada.

"Understanding the local infection source in patients with may influence and ," said researcher Peter Dodek, MD MHSc, professor of at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. "Accordingly, we examined the relationship between anatomic source of infection and hospital mortality in nearly 8,000 patients who had septic shock and who were admitted to ICUs in Canada, the United States and Saudi Arabia."

"We found that there are meaningful differences in hospital mortality among anatomic sites of infection in these patients."

The results of the study will be presented at the ATS 2013 International Conference.

This retrospective, multicenter, cohort study included 7,974 patients from 29 academic and . The researchers examined the relationship between 20 anatomic sources of infection and hospital survival, adjusting for predisposing factors including year and source of admission, age, sex, comorbidities, community- vs. hospital-acquired infection andandorganism type. They also adjusted for other potential mediating factors such as Acute Physiologic and Chronic (APACHE) II score, number of Day 1 organ failures, bacteremia, appropriateness of antibiotic treatment, and adjunct therapy.

After adjustment for these possible confounders, infections in eight anatomic sites were associated with significantly higher chances of survival compared to the lung, including genitourinary infections secondary to hydronephrosis and pyelonephritis, intra-abdominal infection secondary to cholecystitis/cholangitis and enterocolitis/diverticulitis, skin and soft tissue infection secondary to cellulitis/abscess/necrotizing fasciitis/decubitus ulcer, surgical site infection, intravascular catheter-related infection, and other infection sources. Infections related to hydronephrosis were associated with the highest chance of survival.

Infections in four anatomic sites were associated with significantly lower chances of survival (compared to lung): intra-abdominal infection secondary to ischemic bowel, disseminated infections, and central nervous system infections. Infections related to ischemic bowel were associated with the lowest chance of survival.

Further adjustment for the timing of initiation of did not significantly alter these relationships.

"Knowing that the source of infection can affect mortality in ICU patients who have septic shock may help guide treatment in these patients," said Dr. Dodek. "Further research should examine whether targeted treatment of the anatomic source of infection improves outcomes. In addition, these findings support stratification by anatomic source of infection of patients who are enrolled in clinical trials of sepsis treatments."

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Less commonly prescribed antibiotic may be better

Aug 16, 2012

The antibiotic most commonly prescribed to treat bloodstream infections in dialysis patients may not always be the best choice, according to a study appearing in an upcoming issue of the Journal of the American Society of ...

Recommended for you

Texas orders family of Ebola patient to stay home

2 minutes ago

Health officials in Texas ordered four "close family members" of the first man diagnosed with Ebola in the United States to stay home, amid reports authorities are monitoring up to 80 people for signs of the disease.

New low-cost technique to detect rotavirus

1 hour ago

Researchers at the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid (UPM) have found a way to enhance detection capacity of small concentrations of rotavirus. All this thanks to a new way to assess the biosensing response ...

UN launches mission to halt worldwide Ebola spread

2 hours ago

The UN launched a mission on Thursday to prevent the worldwide spread of Ebola as the US hunted for people who came in contact with the first African diagnosed with the deadly virus outside the continent.

Ebola death toll passes 3,300: WHO

3 hours ago

The death toll in the world's worst-ever Ebola epidemic has now soared past 3,300, with the virus killing almost half of the more than 7,000 people it has infected, according to World Health Organization figures released ...

User comments