Rates of gestational diabetes mellitus vary by state

June 18, 2013
Rates of gestational diabetes mellitus vary by state
Obesity, age, race/ethnicity, hospital characteristics, and insurance type may contribute to the variability in rates of gestational diabetes mellitus between states, according to research published in the May issue of Diabetes Care.

(HealthDay)—Obesity, age, race/ethnicity, hospital characteristics, and insurance type may contribute to the variability in rates of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) between states, according to research published in the May issue of Diabetes Care.

Barbara H. Bardenheier, Ph.D., M.P.H., of the U.S. in Atlanta, and colleagues analyzed data from the Healthcare Cost and Utilization Project State Inpatient Databases for 23 states to identify factors that contribute to variability in the rates of GDM between states.

The researchers found that rates of GDM per 100 deliveries, adjusted by age and by race, varied from 3.47 in Utah to 7.15 in Rhode Island. The major factors explaining the variability in GDM rates at the state level were the proportion of obese women (27.4 percent), hospital characteristics (17.6 percent), age (14.7 percent), race/ethnicity (11.8 percent), and insurance type (5.9 percent).

"Differences in GDM rates at the state level that are mostly driven by race/ethnicity, obesity, and hospital-level factors call for public health action," the authors write. "Our findings suggest that a large proportion of GDM could be avoided with prevention of among women of childbearing age."

Explore further: Gestational diabetes, obesity impact pregnancy outcomes

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Gestational diabetes, obesity impact pregnancy outcomes

March 2, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) who are obese have significantly higher odds of adverse pregnancy outcomes, according to findings from the multinational Hyperglycemia and Adverse Pregnancy Outcome ...

High fruit consumption not linked to gestational diabetes

March 29, 2012

(HealthDay) -- Higher consumption of whole fruits prior to pregnancy is not associated with increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), and the association between fruit juice consumption and GDM appears to be ...

BMI thresholds for gestational diabetes differ by race

June 1, 2012

(HealthDay) -- There is considerable racial/ethnic variation in the prevalence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) by body mass index (BMI), according to a study published online May 22 in Diabetes Care.

Gestational diabetes ups costs of maternity care by one-third

January 22, 2013

(HealthDay)—Women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) are significantly more likely to receive an emergency cesarean section, have their infant admitted to a neonatal care unit, and incur significantly higher maternity ...

Recommended for you

Diets avoiding dry-cooked foods can protect against diabetes

August 24, 2016

Simple changes in how we cook could go a long way towards preventing diabetes, say researchers at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai. A new randomized controlled trial, published online July 29 in the journal Diabetologia, ...

New study reveals a novel protein linked to type 2 diabetes

August 16, 2016

Findings from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM), which appear in eLife, provide a possible explanation as to why most people who are obese develop insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. A minority of obese individuals, ...

Gene variant explains differences in diabetes drug response

August 9, 2016

The first results from a large international study of patients taking metformin, the world's most commonly used type 2 diabetes drug, reveal genetic differences among patients that may explain why some respond much better ...

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.