High abusive head trauma rates with new coding method

November 25, 2013
High abusive head trauma rates with new coding method

(HealthDay)—Use of new coding algorithms show the highest abusive head trauma (AHT) rates in children < 1 year reported to date, but no significant change in national AHT rates, according to a study published online Nov. 25 in Pediatrics.

Meghan E. Shanahan, Ph.D., M.P.H., from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and colleagues examined trends in AHT incidence in children <1 year of age between 2000 and 2009 using data from four waves of the Kids' Inpatient Database and annual discharge data and applying a new coding algorithm developed by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Incidence rates were calculated at the national, regional, and state level.

The researchers found that in the four years of Kids' Inpatient Database weighted data, the CDC narrow and broad coding algorithms identified 5,437 and 6,317 cases, respectively, with average annual incidences of 33.4 and 38.8 cases per 100,000 <1 year of age, respectively. National rates did not change significantly. There were regional variations, with significant differences in trends in the Midwest and West. North Carolina state data showed wide annual variation in rates, with no significant trend.

"Caution should be used in interpreting AHT trends and attributing changes in rates as being caused by changes in policies, programs, or the economy," the authors write.

More information: Abstract
Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

Related Stories

Children hospitalized at alarming rate due to abuse

February 6, 2012

In one year alone, over 4,500 children in the United States were hospitalized due to child abuse, and 300 of them died of their injuries, Yale School of Medicine researchers report in a new study. The findings are published ...

Triage system underperforms in children with chronic illness

November 5, 2013

(HealthDay)—For children presenting to the emergency department with infectious symptoms, performance of the Manchester Triage System (MTS) is lower for those with chronic illnesses, compared to those without chronic illnesses, ...

Rape, sexual assault likely underestimated by crime survey

November 22, 2013

(HealthDay)—Rape and sexual assault are likely underestimated on the National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS) and a new survey should be developed for more accurate estimation of incidence, according to a report published ...

Recommended for you

Youth dance classes score low in physical activity

May 18, 2015

For parents who send their kids to dance classes to get some exercise, a new study from researchers at University of California, San Diego School of Medicine suggests most youth dance classes provide only limited amounts ...

Roller coaster rides trigger pediatric stroke

December 11, 2014

Riding a couple roller coasters at an amusement park appears to have triggered an unusual stroke in a 4-year-old boy, according to a report in the journal Pediatric Neurology.

0 comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.