How can we measure the value and impact of orthopaedic care?

Healthcare expenditures currently account for 18% of the United States Gross Domestic Product (GDP). Some experts have suggested that an emphasis on value may be an effective strategy to evaluate healthcare costs. In a recent article published in the inaugural issue of JBJS Reviews, authors Benedict U. Nwachukwu, MD, MBA; Kamran S. Hamid, MD, MPH; and Kevin J. Bozic, MD, MBA, argue that understanding value necessitates measuring outcome and cost at the patient level, and that the focus should be on results from validated disease-specific patient-reported outcome measures and health-related quality-of-life measures, measured across the continuum of a patient's care cycle.

"As the United States system shifts from one that rewards and incentivizes volume and intensity of services delivered to a more value-conscious payment and delivery system, orthopaedic surgeons will increasingly need to understand and implement the principles of value-based healthcare, " said Dr. Bozic, , health policy researcher, and senior author of the study. "Our manuscript outlines some of the key principles and strategies that will enable orthopaedic surgeons to collaborate with other healthcare stakeholders to improve the value of musculoskeletal care."

Key Findings

  • Value in is most effectively defined as health outcomes per dollar spent. A patient-focused definition of value benefits all stakeholders in musculoskeletal care.
  • Value can be measured by understanding patient outcomes (including disease-specific patient-reported outcomes as well as generic health-related quality of life) and the cost of care across the entire continuum of musculoskeletal care.
  • Calculating can be challenging. Popular cost-accounting methods in orthopaedics include standard cost accounting and job order cost accounting. Time-driven activity-based costing holds great promise as a model to fully capture the cost of care.
  • Orthopaedic surgeons will need access to efficient tools for measuring and reporting both outcomes and costs in real time in order to use this information in medical decision making.
  • Collaboration across various disciplines both within and outside of orthopaedics is essential in order to operationalize valid widespread outcome assessment and transparent cost accounting.

"Medical practice around the world is changing rapidly. Aspects of patient care that historically have been costly in terms of dollars spent and adverse events incurred are coming under much greater scrutiny," explained Thomas A. Einhorn, MD, Editor of JBJS Reviews. "While many have suggested that an emphasis on value may be an effective way to control costs in health care, the value framework is poorly understood. This article clarifies many of these concepts and provides a basis on which orthopaedic surgeons and trainees can understand important issues for the future of orthopaedic practice as the rapidly changing environment surrounding us continues to take hold."

Provided by Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery

not rated yet
add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Health-care economics and policy: It's a perfect storm

Jun 01, 2010

Healthcare reform -- and the many options for fixing a broken system -- have appeared in the news headlines for months. According to an article in the June issue of the Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery (JBJS), Medicare patien ...

Recommended for you

Can Lean Management improve hospitals?

48 minutes ago

Waiting times in hospital emergency departments could be cut with the introduction of Lean Management and Six Sigma techniques according to new research.

Research finds 90 percent of home chefs contaminate food

1 hour ago

If you're gearing up for a big Super Bowl bash, you might want to consult the best food-handling practices before preparing that feast. New research from Kansas State University finds that most home chefs drop the ball on ...

Unique EarlyBird study set for historic third phase

3 hours ago

A unique study which has followed 300 young people from age five since 2000, has received backing for a third phase which will see it become the first study of its kind in the world to track the same group ...

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.