Biomarker identified in systemic sclerosis predicts progression

Biomarker identified in systemic sclerosis predicts progression

(HealthDay)—Patients with systemic sclerosis have elevated levels of CXCL4, which predicts disease risk and progression, according to a study published online Dec. 18 in the New England Journal of Medicine.

Lenny van Bon, M.D., from the Boston University School of Medicine, and colleagues performed proteome-wide analysis using isolated from healthy individuals and from patients with systemic sclerosis with distinct clinical phenotypes. The findings were validated in five large cohorts of patients with systemic sclerosis, and were compared with those for patients with systemic lupus erythematosus, ankylosing spondylitis, and hepatic fibrosis.

The researchers found that, in systemic sclerosis, the predominant protein secreted by plasmacytoid dendritic cells in circulation and in skin was CXCL4, with a mean level of 25,624 pg/mL, which was significantly higher than that found in controls (92.5 pg/mL) or in patients with (1,346 pg/mL), ankylosing spondylitis (1,368 pg/mL), or liver fibrosis (1,668 pg/mL). There was a correlation between CXCL4 levels and skin and lung fibrosis and pulmonary arterial hypertension. Of the chemokines, only CXCL4 predicted systemic sclerosis risk and progression. CXCL4 induced inflammatory cell influx and skin transcriptome changes in vivo.

"Levels of CXCL4 were elevated in patients with and correlated with the presence and progression of complications, such as lung fibrosis and ," the authors write.

More information: Full Text

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Recommended for you

Malaysia quarantines 64 villagers over MERS virus

3 minutes ago

Malaysia has quarantined 64 people in a southern village after one of its residents become the country's first person to die of a respiratory illness that is spreading from the Middle East, local media reported Thursday.

Spate of Mideast virus infections raises concerns

33 minutes ago

A recent spate of infections from a frequently deadly Middle East virus is raising new worries about efforts to contain the illness, with infectious disease experts urging greater vigilance in combatting ...

New MRSA superbug emerges in Brazil

1 hour ago

An international research team led by Cesar A. Arias, M.D., Ph.D., at The University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston (UTHealth) has identified a new superbug that caused a bloodstream infection ...

User comments