Researchers create tool for studying social networks and health

A team led by Penn State College of Medicine researchers has developed a tool to help scientists study the influence of social networks on health. The team integrated—for the first time—scientific articles on both social networks and physical and online environments, to help scientists better study how to influence people's health through their social interactions.

While the term "social networks" often refers to online services like Facebook, in this case it means any in-person or virtual social interaction.

The project was led by Liza Rovniak, assistant professor of medicine and sciences, who studies how to engineer in-person and online interactions to support healthy behaviors.

"By engineering new environments or placing people in different environments, we can shape health behaviors—such as physical activity, safer sex or smoking cessation," she said. "It's easy to conceptualize how to change the environment. It is harder to conceptualize how to change people. So the question becomes, 'What can we manipulate in our physical or virtual environments to change what people say or do to encourage healthy behavior?'"

As Rovniak began her own National Institutes of Health-funded research exploring how to promote networks of people to walk more consistently in their community, she realized there was no framework available on how to engineer a social network.

"I needed to know what variables to target," she said. "How do the 'ingredients' of a social network work together, and how does the structure of social networks and the physical and virtual environment influence people's activities?"

By putting the literature on social networks and physical environment approaches together in one place, a more effective recipe for engineering social networks can be assembled, she said. Results were published in BMC Public Health.

Researchers have already identified variables of social networks that can be studied, including behaviors like modeling physical activity for others to observe, tracking and rewarding people's physical activity and praising people.

"Another variable is the structure of the network, which creates opportunities for the behaviors of social networks to happen," Rovniak said. "These behaviors can then help promote physical activity."

Rovniak hopes her work putting key variables related to social networks and the environment together in one place will lead to better research in the field by helping scientists keep better track of what's already been targeted.

In practical terms, if a researcher wants people to use an exercise device while at their desks, variables can be more easily selected that could help build social networks to support using the device because of Rovniak's work. From there, the scientist could generate a hypothesis about how these variables will influence and develop an intervention to test the hypothesis.

"Before, it was tough to create a hypothesis about how to engineer social networks," Rovniak said. "There are so many variables. Now, with this framework, we can more systematically test and refine hypotheses and work toward developing stronger social network interventions to sustain healthy behaviors."

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

At-risk women can promote health through social networks

Sep 12, 2013

(HealthDay)—Women at risk for or living with HIV can, with some guidance, carry out health promotion messages through their informal social networks, according to a study published online Aug. 29 in the ...

New framework for 3D tele-immersive social networking

Nov 08, 2013

It's Friday night, you're exhausted after a long week in the office. You're not going to leave the house so you could either watch TV or spend a few hours catching up on your social networks. But how about doing both? Thanks ...

Recommended for you

Suddenly health insurance is not for sale

Apr 18, 2014

(HealthDay)— Darlene Tucker, an independent insurance broker in Scotts Hill, Tenn., says health insurers in her area aren't selling policies year-round anymore.

Study: Half of jailed NYC youths have brain injury (Update)

Apr 18, 2014

About half of all 16- to 18-year-olds coming into New York City's jails say they had a traumatic brain injury before being incarcerated, most caused by assaults, according to a new study that's the latest in a growing body ...

Autonomy and relationships among 'good life' goals

Apr 18, 2014

Young adults with Down syndrome have a strong desire to be self-sufficient by living independently and having a job, according to a study into the meaning of wellbeing among young people affected by the disorder.

User comments