Reducing risks for asthmatic mums-to-be

Pregnant women are exposing themselves and their unborn babies to unnecessary risk by stopping their asthma medication without consulting their doctor.

Pregnant women suffering from asthma could better manage the condition if additional integrated care involving education and monitoring was introduced in Australian hospitals, a new study has found.

In research published today in a leading respiratory journal Chest, Centre for Medicine Use and Safety (CMUS) researchers at Monash University found a significant improvement in control among pregnant women receiving a pharmacist-led model of care for asthma management involving education and regular monitoring in collaboration with the patient's general practitioner.

Women in the early stages of pregnancy and who had used asthma medications in the previous year received the pharmacist-led monthly intervention (MAMMA©) providing asthma education, monitoring, feedback and follow-up in the antenatal clinics of two major Australian maternity hospitals – The Royal Women's Hospital and Mercy Hospital for Women.

After six months of care, results demonstrated that the women receiving the intervention had clinically and statistically better control of their asthma, when compared to a control group of pregnant women not receiving the intervention. In the intervention group, no asthma-related oral steroid use, hospital admissions, emergency visits or days off work were reported during the trial.

The research follows earlier work by the researchers published in The Journal of Asthma, which found that pregnant women are exposing themselves and their unborn babies to unnecessary risk by stopping their without consulting their doctors. A lack of confidence and/or knowledge among healthcare professionals in managing deteriorating asthma in pregnancy has also been found.

In the latest trial, 70 per cent of the participants revealed they were unaware of the risks of poorly controlled asthma, 32 per cent reported ceasing or reducing their medications since becoming pregnant.

Lead investigator, Angelina Lim of CMUS, said the simple intervention showed promise for and could be widely implemented in maternal health settings without incurring extra resources.

"With one in eight pregnant women suffering from asthma, this research is telling us we need to improve management during pregnancy by finding new strategies to improve education and awareness," Ms Lim said.

"Poorly controlled asthma during pregnancy is hazardous for the health of the mother and the baby and have been associated with an increased risk of preterm birth, low birth weight, and pre-eclampsia.

"Proper among should be regarded as a leading priority in antenatal care. This is a simple intervention that could be easily implemented in antenatal settings with minimal additional resources."

Ms Lim said larger studies were needed to demonstrate the improvements in led to improved maternal and perinatal outcomes.

More information: Lim AS, Stewart K, Abramson MJ, Walker SP, Smith CL, George J. "Multidisciplinary Approach To Management Of Maternal Asthma (Mamma): A Randomized Controlled Trial." Chest. Published online February 13, 2014. DOI: 10.1378/chest.13-2276.

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Smoking + asthma + pregnant = a dangerous combination

Sep 05, 2013

(Medical Xpress)—New research from the University of Adelaide has shown for the first time that pregnant women who smoke as well as having asthma are greatly increasing the risk of complications for themselves and their ...

Common colds during pregnancy may lead to childhood asthma

Feb 03, 2014

Women that are pregnant may want to take extra precaution around those that are sniffling and sneezing this winter. According to a new study published today, the more common colds and viral infections a woman has during pregnancy, ...

Recommended for you

Study reveals nervous system's role in asthma attacks

Jul 22, 2014

(Medical Xpress)—Asthma is a debilitating condition that kills 250,000 people around the world each year. People with asthma have hyperreactive airways and thickened lung walls obstructed with mucus. During ...

New diagnostic test to distinguish psoriasis from eczema

Jul 10, 2014

In some patients, the chronic inflammatory skin diseases psoriasis and eczema are similar in appearance. Up to now, dermatologists have therefore had to base their decision on which treatment should be selected on their own ...

User comments