Study finds serious C. Difficile rates on rise in hospitals

by David Stacey
Study finds serious C. Difficile rates on rise in hospitals

(Medical Xpress)—The incidence of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI), which causes severe diarrhoea, acute toxic colitis and even death, is on the rise in Australian hospitals, according to a study led by researchers at The University of Western Australia.

Associate Professor Claudia Slimings and Professor Thomas Riley from UWA's School of Pathology and Laboratory Medicine found C. difficile incidence had increased dramatically around the world over the past 10 years, with one strain, ribotype 027, being particularly devastating.

This strain was first reported in Australia in 2009 in a woman in Perth who acquired it overseas. The following year, a Melbourne patient who had not been overseas tested positive for the same strain, representing the first locally acquired case.

The study, published today in the Medical Journal of Australia, is the first national collation of surveillance data on CDI. Hospital surveillance programs were instituted nationwide by 2011.

The two-year survey of -identified C. difficile infections (HI-CDI) looked at data from 450 public hospitals, covering 92 per cent of patient-days in Australian acute public hospitals. A total of 12,683 cases of HI-CDI were identified.

The researchers found an overall incidence of 3.65 HI-CDI cases per 10,000 patient-days, with about a quarter of being community-acquired. The annual incidence rose by 24 per cent from 3.25 per 10,000 patient-days in 2011 to 4.03 in 2012.

The annual incidence of infections acquired in hospital increased 18 per cent, and those acquired in the community climbed 24 per cent over the course of the survey.

More information: The study is available online: www.mja.com.au/journal/2014/20… -australia-2011-2012

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Anti-depressant link to Clostridium difficile infection

May 06, 2013

Certain types of anti-depressants have been linked to an increase in the risk of Clostridium difficile infection (CDI) finds a study in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Medicine. Awareness of this link should improv ...

Recommended for you

A multiscale approach to Ebola response

13 minutes ago

The Ebola outbreak in western Africa continues to spread uncontrolled, affecting thus far five countries. On September 16th, President Obama spoke at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention headquarters ...

Overwhelmed west Africa ramps up Ebola response

14 hours ago

West Africa intensified its response to the deadly Ebola epidemic on Sunday, with Sierra Leone uncovering scores of dead bodies during a 72-hour shutdown and Liberia announcing hundreds of new hospital beds.

Sierra Leone reaches final day of Ebola lockdown

18 hours ago

Frustrated residents complained of food shortages in some neighborhoods of Sierra Leone's capital on Sunday as the country reached the third and final day of a sweeping, unprecedented lockdown designed to ...

Sierra Leone faces criticism over Ebola shutdown

Sep 20, 2014

Sierra Leone began the second day of a 72-hour nationwide shutdown aimed at containing the spread of the deadly Ebola virus on Saturday amid criticism that the action was a poorly planned publicity stunt.

Presence of peers ups health workers' hand hygiene

Sep 19, 2014

(HealthDay)—The presence of other health care workers improves hand hygiene adherence, according to a study published in the October issue of Infection Control and Hospital Epidemiology.

User comments