Adverse outcomes up for lower extremity PVI in females

Adverse outcomes up for lower extremity PVI in females

(HealthDay)—Female patients undergoing lower extremity (LE)-peripheral vascular intervention (PVI) are at increased risk for adverse outcomes, but have similar procedural success as men, according to a study published online April 23 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.

Elizabeth A. Jackson, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Michigan Health System in Ann Arbor, and colleagues examined gender-related differences in outcomes following percutaneous PVI procedures. Data were collected from 12,379 (41 percent female) who underwent LE-PVI from 2004 to 2009 at 16 hospitals from the Blue Cross Blue Shield Cardiovascular Consortium Peripheral Vascular Intervention (BMC2 PVI) registry.

The researchers found that female patients were older, had multilevel disease, and , compared with male patients. Female gender correlated with a higher rate of vascular complications, transfusions, and embolism in a propensity-matched analysis. In-hospital death, myocardial infarction, or stroke/transient ischemic attack did not differ between male and . Among , technical success was more commonly achieved (91.2 versus 89.1 percent; P = 0.014), but the overall procedural success rates were similar for men and women (79.7 and 81.6 percent, respectively; P = 0.08) due to increased complication rates for women.

"These data suggest the need for quality improvement interventions designed to improve medical therapy, and enhanced efforts to understand and ameliorate PVI associated complications, in particular bleeding and vascular complications among women," the authors write.

Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical, medical device, and insurance industries; BMC2 PVI was supported by an unrestricted grant from Blue Cross Blue Shield of Michigan.

More information: Full Text (subscription or payment may be required)

add to favorites email to friend print save as pdf

Related Stories

Gender influences ischemic time, outcomes after STEMI

Feb 18, 2013

(HealthDay)—After ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) and primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), women have longer ischemic times and are at a higher risk than men of early all-cause ...

Recommended for you

Poor response to cholesterol drugs may indicate blocked arteries

Feb 26, 2015

If your "bad" cholesterol level stays the same or increases after you take statin drugs, you may have more blocked arteries than people whose levels drop, according to research in the American Heart Association journal Arteriosclerosis, Th ...

Review: more whole grains, less coronary heart disease

Feb 25, 2015

(HealthDay)—Higher dietary intake of whole grains may reduce the risk of coronary heart disease (CHD), according to a meta-analysis published in the March 1 issue of The American Journal of Cardiology.

User comments

Please sign in to add a comment. Registration is free, and takes less than a minute. Read more

Click here to reset your password.
Sign in to get notified via email when new comments are made.