New report highlights global governments' failure to support family-friendly policies

February 13th, 2013 in Health /

A new report launched today by the UCLA World Policy Analysis Center presents never-before-available comparative data on nearly every country in the world, revealing how millions of children across the globe face conditions that limit their opportunities to thrive and reach their full potential. Dr. Jody Heymann, dean of the UCLA Jonathan and Karin Fielding School of Public Health, co-authored the study. 

"Changing Children's Chances" provides a thorough analysis of the laws and public policies of 191 countries covering the areas of poverty, discrimination, education, health, child labor, and parental care. 

Governments in both developed and developing countries are not taking widely agreed-upon steps in critical areas known to make a difference to children's opportunities, said Heymann. 

This new research, she says, aims to focus global attention on these issues to ensure that existing policies governing are fully implemented and that new measures are introduced that will enable children's full and healthy development. 

The report includes unique full-color world maps and tables offering insights into global policies on a range of topics, including how long girls are protected from marrying, compared with boys; which countries charge tuition fees for secondary education; which countries guarantee paid leave for new mothers and fathers; and which offer inclusive education to children with disabilities. 

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Among the findings of the "Changing Children's Chances" report:

"Progress over the past few decades demonstrates that where there is a will, there is a way to make dramatic changes in children's lives, from survival to basic education," Heymann said. "However, our findings show how far nations still have to go to realize a world where all children have a chance to thrive, not just survive. National laws and policies in areas ranging from labor to education to poverty reduction fall far short of what countries have committed to in international agreements. At the same time, there are resource-constrained countries that are ahead of the curve, showing the feasibility of action and giving hope that dramatic change is possible." 

Commenting on the "Changing Children's Chances" report, Professor Sir Michael Marmot, director of the Institute of Health Equity at University College London, said: "The findings of this new report confirm that children the world over are being denied opportunities to live to their potential. What happens in a child's early life—regardless of where they are in the world—very much determines their chances to lead healthy and productive lives in their adulthood. 

"The inequalities children face in their early years lead to continued inequalities in later life. We simply cannot afford to let this continue to happen, and we have to use the growing body of evidence to address the social determinants of children's health and the conditions in which they are born, grow, live, work and age." 

Representatives from governments around the world will soon be gathering, as part of a United Nations initiative, to set global goals that the world's nations should strive for—the so-called "post-2015" agenda. This agenda is currently being formulated, and recommendations from the UN's High-Level Panel of Eminent Persons will be made to the UN secretary general this May. 

"Changing Children's Chances" calls on world leaders to consider the following recommendations, among others, in shaping the post-2015 agenda: 

Baroness Massey, chair of the United Kingdom's All-Party Parliamentary Group on Children, welcomed the report's publication and recommendations. 

"This report highlights yet again that supportive policies frame what caring families are able to provide for their children," she said. "The steps taken by governments do make the difference for children's chances, whether ensuring access to quality education, protection from child labor and early marriage, good health care, working conditions that enable parents to care for their children, or freedom from discrimination. We must continue to strive to hold countries publicly and visibly accountable for the policies that are central to the lives of all ."

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More information: www.childrenschances.org/

Provided by University of California, Los Angeles

"New report highlights global governments' failure to support family-friendly policies." February 13th, 2013. http://medicalxpress.com/news/2013-02-highlights-global-failure-family-friendly-policies.html