News tagged with alcohol
(Medical Xpress)—People in creative professions are treated more often for mental illness than the general population, there being a particularly salient connection between writing and schizophrenia. This according to researchers ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 16, 2012 | 4 / 5 (11) | 14 |
(Medical Xpress)—In the first large-scale review of 400 research papers in the neurochemistry of music, a team led by Prof. Daniel J. Levitin of McGill University's Psychology Dept. has been able to show ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 28, 2013 | 4.4 / 5 (7) | 0
Relatively small levels of exposure to alcohol while in the womb can influence a child's IQ, according to a new study led by researchers from the universities of Bristol and Oxford using data from over 4,000 mothers and their ...
Health Nov 14, 2012 | 3.7 / 5 (6) | 0 |
The more sex partners young adults have the more likely they are to go on to develop alcohol or cannabis dependence disorders in young adulthood, according to new University of Otago research.
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 15, 2013 | 3.8 / 5 (5) | 1 |
Poor impulse control contributes to one's inability to control the consumption of rewarding substances, like food, alcohol, and other drugs. This can lead to the development of addiction. FDA-approved medications for alcoholism, ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 01, 2013 | 4 / 5 (4) | 1 |
Researchers ID gene that turns carbs into fat: Discovery could help development of treatment for fatty liver, diabetes
A gene that helps the body convert that big plate of holiday cookies you just polished off into fat could provide a new target for potential treatments for fatty liver disease, diabetes and obesity.
Genetics Dec 06, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—A bug thought to be one of the 'good bacteria' in our gut may actually have a role in the development of a bowel disorder that is on the rise in Scotland.
Inflammatory disorders Dec 11, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
Depression may inhibit the anti-inflammatory effects typically associated with physical activity and light-to-moderate alcohol consumption, according to researchers at Duke Medicine.
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 26, 2013 | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Children exposed to alcohol during fetal development exhibit changes in brain structure and metabolism that are visible using various imaging techniques, according to a new study being presented today at the annual meeting ...
Neuroscience Nov 25, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1
(Medical Xpress)—Neurobiologists at the Research institute of Molecular Pathology (IMP) in Vienna have discovered one of the key genes required to make a brain. Mutations in this gene, called TUBB5, cause ...
Genetics Dec 14, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—Throughout the winter, excessive hand washing to prevent the spread of germs can leave skin extremely dry and itchy. Drinking coffee and alcoholic beverages can also lead to dehydration and ...
Health Jan 06, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
The health properties of red wine have long been debated but an Australian biochemist believes he has created a drop so loaded with antioxidants that it could treat a range of ills.
Health Jan 22, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
The risk of hospitalisation or death from heart disease is 32% lower in vegetarians than people who eat meat and fish, according to a new study from the University of Oxford.
Cardiology Jan 30, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
High levels of drinking have repeatedly been shown to predict divorce. The most cited explanation for this is that excessive alcohol use disrupts daily tasks and functioning, and increases spousal conflicts. A study of the ...
Health Feb 05, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
The taste of beer, without any effect from alcohol itself, can trigger dopamine release in the brain, which is associated with drinking and other drugs of abuse, according to Indiana University School of Medicine ...
Neuroscience Apr 15, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 5 |
In chemistry, an alcohol is any organic compound in which a hydroxyl group (-OH) is bound to a carbon atom of an alkyl or substituted alkyl group. The general formula for a simple acyclic alcohol is CnH2n+1OH. In common terms, the word alcohol refers to ethanol, the type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
Ethanol is a colorless, volatile liquid with a mild odor which can be obtained by the fermentation of sugars. (Industrially, it is more commonly obtained by ethylene hydration—the reaction of ethylene with water in the presence of phosphoric acid.) Ethanol is the most widely used depressant in the world, and has been for thousands of years. This sense underlies the term alcoholism (addiction to alcohol).
Other alcohols are usually described with a clarifying adjective, as in isopropyl alcohol (propan-2-ol) or wood alcohol (methyl alcohol, or methanol). The suffix -ol appears in the IUPAC chemical name of all alcohols.
There are three major subsets of alcohols: primary (1°), secondary (2°) and tertiary (3°), based upon the number of carbon atoms the C-OH group's carbon (shown in red) is bonded to. Ethanol is a simple 'primary' alcohol. The simplest secondary alcohol is isopropyl alcohol (propan-2-ol), and a simple tertiary alcohol is tert-butyl alcohol (2-methylpropan-2-ol).
For more information about Alcohol, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.