News tagged with anatomy

Medicine's clever dummies are still needed

Known initially as machines or contrivances, and later as manikins, phantoms, robots or dummies, ingenious models of human anatomy have been used for 'hands-on' medical teaching for hundreds of years.

May 04, 2016
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Sensation-seeking may be linked to brain anatomy

People prone to seeking stimulation and acting impulsively may have differences in the structure of their brains according to a study published in the April 6 issue of The Journal of Neuroscience. What's more, those differences ...

Apr 05, 2016
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Why count stools in the human microbiome?

Last week, a not-yet-accepted-for-publication paper challenged the long-held view that bacterial cells outnumber human cells in a body 10 to 1. As "rewriting the textbooks" fueled media attention, I took a look, because I ...

Jan 18, 2016
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Anatomy

Anatomy (from the Greek ἀνατομία anatomia, from ἀνατέμνειν ana: separate, apart from, and temnein, to cut up, cut open) is a branch of biology and medicine that is the consideration of the structure of living things. It is a general term that includes human anatomy, animal anatomy (zootomy), and plant anatomy (phytotomy). In some of its facets anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution.

Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy (or macroscopic anatomy) and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy (also called topographical anatomy, regional anatomy, or anthropotomy) is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision with the naked eye. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology (the study of the organization of tissues), and cytology (the study of cells).

The history of anatomy has been characterized, over time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also improved dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of cadavers (dead human bodies) to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century including X-ray, ultrasound, and MRI.

Anatomy should not be confused with anatomical pathology (also called morbid anatomy or histopathology), which is the study of the gross and microscopic appearances of diseased organs.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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