News tagged with artificial intelligence
Related topics: robot , computer science , google , sensors , computer scientists
Artificial Intelligence (AI) is the intelligence of machines and the branch of computer science which aims to create it. Major AI textbooks define the field as "the study and design of intelligent agents," where an intelligent agent is a system that perceives its environment and takes actions which maximize its chances of success. John McCarthy, who coined the term in 1956, defines it as "the science and engineering of making intelligent machines."
The field was founded on the claim that a central property of human beings, intelligence—the sapience of Homo sapiens—can be so precisely described that it can be simulated by a machine. This raises philosophical issues about the nature of the mind and limits of scientific hubris, issues which have been addressed by myth, fiction and philosophy since antiquity. Artificial intelligence has been the subject of breathtaking optimism, has suffered stunning setbacks and, today, has become an essential part of the technology industry, providing the heavy lifting for many of the most difficult problems in computer science.
AI research is highly technical and specialized, so much so that some critics decry the "fragmentation" of the field. Subfields of AI are organized around particular problems, the application of particular tools and around longstanding theoretical differences of opinion. The central problems of AI include such traits as reasoning, knowledge, planning, learning, communication, perception and the ability to move and manipulate objects. General intelligence (or "strong AI") is still a long-term goal of (some) research, while many researchers no longer believe that this is possible.
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.
(Medical Xpress)—The classic theory of the brain is one of connections, in which the brain consists of a network of neurons that interact with each other to allow us to think, see, interpret, and understand ...
Neuroscience Dec 04, 2012 | 4.9 / 5 (9) | 8 |
People often wonder if computers make children smarter. Scientists at the University of California, Berkeley, are asking the reverse question: Can children make computers smarter? And the answer appears to ...
Neuroscience Mar 13, 2012 | 3.9 / 5 (7) | 0 |
Light, together with artificial intelligence systems that deliver fast, accurate analysis, has the potential to reshape the diagnosis and treatment of disease.
Medical research Feb 18, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (4) | 0
Understanding how the human brain categorizes information through signs and language is a key part of developing computers that can 'think' and 'see' in the same way as humans. Hiroyuki Akama at the Graduate ...
Neuroscience Oct 08, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1
New research from Indiana University has found that machine learning - the same computer science discipline that helped create voice recognition systems, self-driving cars, and credit card fraud detection ...
Health Feb 11, 2013 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
In a breakthrough, researchers at the International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (MANA, Japan) demonstrate for the first time the key features in the neuroscience and psychology of memory by a AgS2 synapse. ...
Medical research Sep 15, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
The understanding of diseases such as Parkinson's and Alzheimer's is set to take a step forward following groundbreaking technology at which will enable cell analysis using automated 3D microscopy.
Medical research Feb 17, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Approximately one in every 1,000 people in the UK is an amputee. Many lose their limbs as the result of tragic accidents or due to active military combat and for some amputees losing a limb is a loss of ...
Medical research Jan 09, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—The University of Delaware's Prasad Dhurjati is a chemical engineer whose background includes systems engineering, biotechnology and artificial intelligence. Yet recently, he has been investigating autism ...
Autism spectrum disorders Mar 05, 2013 | 2 / 5 (2) | 2