News tagged with bioscience
(Medical Xpress)—A global team of researchers has identified the gene behind an Australian toddler's paediatric brain disorder in a discovery that is paving the way for the diagnosis and treatment of other ...
Genetics May 03, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—By studying what happens in the normal brain when neurons fire, Australian scientists have been able to identify a finely and dynamically regulated process. They also describe how dysfunction of this process ...
Psychology & Psychiatry May 02, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—The mystery of why some people get fat eating high-fat foods while others can stay skinny on a diet of burgers and chips is closer to being solved.
Diabetes May 01, 2013 | 3 / 5 (2) | 1
Some 16 per cent of European adults suffer from hearing loss that is severe enough to adversely affect their daily life. Hearing loss impacts on one's ability to communicate - to hear, process sound, and ...
Other Feb 27, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
A University of Queensland researcher has been awarded an $85,000 grant to identify the genes that underlie rare paediatric brain disorders.
Genetics Nov 23, 2012 | not rated yet | 0
Enzyme hunters at UiO have discovered the function of an enzyme that is important in the spreading of cancer. Cancer researchers now hope to inhibit the enzyme.
Cancer Nov 15, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Researchers have identified a way in which men can develop prostate cancer after contracting trichomoniasis, a curable but often overlooked sexually transmitted disease.
Cancer Aug 30, 2012 | not rated yet | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—When you are hit with the flu, you know it immediately—fever, chills, sore throat, aching muscles, fatigue. This is your body mounting an immune response to the invading virus. But less is known about ...
Medical research Aug 23, 2012 | not rated yet | 1 |
Triclosan, an antibacterial chemical widely used in hand soaps and other personal-care products, hinders muscle contractions at a cellular level, slows swimming in fish and reduces muscular strength in mice, according to ...
Medical research Aug 13, 2012 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0 |
Scientists affiliated with the UC Davis MIND Institute have discovered how a defective gene causes brain changes that lead to the atypical social behavior characteristic of autism. The research offers a potential target for ...
Autism spectrum disorders Aug 10, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 3 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Researchers from The University of Queensland's Institute for Molecular Bioscience have discovered a potential new approach to treating chronic inflammatory diseases such as arthritis.
Inflammatory disorders Jul 30, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- University of Queensland researchers have discovered an important step in how proteins glue cells together to form healthy tissues, a process that is often disturbed in diseases such as cancer and inflammation. ...
Cancer Jul 17, 2012 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0 |
A new study finds that fetal exposure to the plastic additive bisphenol A, or BPA, alters mammary gland development in primates. The finding adds to the evidence that the chemical can be causing health problems in humans ...
Medical research May 07, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 1 |
A cartilage gel being developed by tissue engineers and biochemists at the University of Sydney could bring increased mobility to people living with debilitating sports injuries.
Medical research Mar 08, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
(Medical Xpress) -- An international team of scientists, led by the University of Sydney, has found the molecular structure in the body which functions as our 'shock absorber'.
Medical research Feb 14, 2012 | 3.7 / 5 (3) | 3 |
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Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to "biotech") is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for interfacing with and utilizing living things. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:
In other terms: "Application of scientific and technical advances in life science to develop commercial products" is biotechnology.
Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences (genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology) and in many instances is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology (chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, biorobotics). Conversely, modern biological sciences (including even concepts such as molecular ecology) are intimately entwined and dependent on the methods developed through biotechnology and what is commonly thought of as the life sciences industry.
For more information about Biotechnology, read the full article at
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