News tagged with bioscience

'Make–or–break' protein holds key to cancer spread

(Medical Xpress)—University of Queensland researchers have discovered a protein in cells that could block the escape route of potentially cancerous cells and stop them spreading to other parts of the body.

Jan 15, 2014
popularity 5 / 5 (2) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Study reveals genes behind brain tumours

A team of researchers has pinpointed a handful of genes that could drive the formation of medulloblastoma, the most aggressive and frequent form of brain tumour found in children.

Oct 31, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0

Podium finish for Genetrainer

The world's first computer guided fitness training system using a person's DNA was announced as one of the three winners of the LeWeb'13 London Startup Competition, Europe's largest technology conference.

Jun 18, 2013
popularity not rated yet | comments 0

Mystery disease solved by gene experts

(Medical Xpress)—A global team of researchers has identified the gene behind an Australian toddler's paediatric brain disorder in a discovery that is paving the way for the diagnosis and treatment of other ...

May 03, 2013
popularity 4.5 / 5 (2) | comments 1 | with audio podcast

Tackling hearing loss

Some 16 per cent of European adults suffer from hearing loss that is severe enough to adversely affect their daily life. Hearing loss impacts on one's ability to communicate - to hear, process sound, and ...

Feb 27, 2013
popularity 5 / 5 (1) | comments 0

Biotechnology

Biotechnology (sometimes shortened to "biotech") is a field of applied biology that involves the use of living organisms and bioprocesses in engineering, technology, medicine and other fields requiring bioproducts. Biotechnology also utilizes these products for manufacturing purpose. Modern use of similar terms includes genetic engineering as well as cell- and tissue culture technologies. The concept encompasses a wide range of procedures (and history) for modifying living organisms according to human purposes — going back to domestication of animals, cultivation of plants, and "improvements" to these through breeding programs that employ artificial selection and hybridization. By comparison to biotechnology, bioengineering is generally thought of as a related field with its emphasis more on higher systems approaches (not necessarily altering or using biological materials directly) for interfacing with and utilizing living things. The United Nations Convention on Biological Diversity defines biotechnology as:

In other terms: "Application of scientific and technical advances in life science to develop commercial products" is biotechnology.

Biotechnology draws on the pure biological sciences (genetics, microbiology, animal cell culture, molecular biology, biochemistry, embryology, cell biology) and in many instances is also dependent on knowledge and methods from outside the sphere of biology (chemical engineering, bioprocess engineering, information technology, biorobotics). Conversely, modern biological sciences (including even concepts such as molecular ecology) are intimately entwined and dependent on the methods developed through biotechnology and what is commonly thought of as the life sciences industry.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA