News tagged with bone

Related topics: stem cells , osteoporosis , fossil , fractures , dinosaurs

New prosthetic leg attaches directly to the bone

(Medical Xpress)—Researchers at the Royal National Orthopaedic hospital and the Royal Orthopaedic hospital, both in the U.K. have just completed the first stage of medical trials for a new type of leg prosthetic—instead ...

Sep 08, 2014
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Discovery could lead to new cancer treatment

A team of scientists from the University of Colorado School of Medicine has reported the breakthrough discovery of a process to expand production of stem cells used to treat cancer patients. These findings could have implications ...

Aug 29, 2014
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Engineering new bone growth

MIT chemical engineers have devised a new implantable tissue scaffold coated with bone growth factors that are released slowly over a few weeks. When applied to bone injuries or defects, this coated scaffold ...

Aug 19, 2014
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Notch1 and osteoblasts play role in bone cancer initiation

(Medical Xpress)—A new mouse model of osteogenic sarcoma, a potentially deadly form of bone cancer, shows that high levels of Notch1, a gene that helps determine cell fate, can drive osteoblasts (cells that normally lead ...

Sep 08, 2014
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Bone

Bones are rigid organs that form part of the endoskeleton of vertebrates. They function to move, support, and protect the various organs of the body, produce red and white blood cells and store minerals. Bone tissue is a type of dense connective tissue. Because bones come in a variety of shapes and have a complex internal and external structure they are lightweight, yet strong and hard, in addition to fulfilling their many other functions. One of the types of tissue that makes up bone is the mineralized osseous tissue, also called bone tissue, that gives it rigidity and a honeycomb-like three-dimensional internal structure. Other types of tissue found in bones include marrow, endosteum and periosteum, nerves, blood vessels and cartilage. There are 206 bones in the adult human body and 270 in an infant.

Functions Bones have ten main functions:

Mechanical

Synthetic

Metabolic

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA