News tagged with cartilage

Related topics: stem cells · cells · arthritis · osteoarthritis

Hope for arthritis patients in fat tissue

( -- A recent discovery at the University of Arizona College of Medicine -- that adult stem cells collected from fat tissue can be converted to cells that will grow cartilage tissue -- has focused one Arizona ...

Sep 03, 2010
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Emerging techniques put a new twist on ankle repair

People with ankle injuries who do not respond successfully to initial treatment may have a second chance at recovery, thanks to two new procedures developed to restore the injured area, according to a study published in the ...

Jul 01, 2009
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Growing Cartilage from Stem Cells

( -- Damaged knee joints might one day be repaired with cartilage grown from stem cells in a laboratory, based on research by Professor Kyriacos Athanasiou, chair of the UC Davis Department of Biomedical Engineering ...

Oct 20, 2009
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Curing arthritis in mice

With a new therapeutic product, researchers have managed to cure arthritis in mice for the first time. The scientists are now planning to test the efficacy of the drug in humans.

Aug 06, 2014
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Cartilage is a type of dense connective tissue existing within many joints. It is composed of specialized cells called chondrocytes that produce a large amount of extracellular matrix composed of collagen fibers, abundant ground substance rich in proteoglycan, and elastin fibers. Cartilage is classified in three types, elastic cartilage, hyaline cartilage and fibrocartilage, which differ in the relative amounts of these three main components.

Cartilage is found in many areas in the body, including the articular surface of the bones, the rib cage, the ear, the nose, the bronchial tubes and the intervertebral discs. Its mechanical properties are intermediate between bone and dense connective tissue like tendon.

Unlike other connective tissues, cartilage does not contain blood vessels. The chondrocytes are fed by diffusion, helped by the pumping action generated by compression of the articular cartilage or flexion of the elastic cartilage. Thus, compared to other connective tissues, cartilage grows and repairs more slowly.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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