News tagged with cocaine

Related topics: brain · drug · neurons

A genetic approach to clinical addiction symptoms

When it comes to diagnosing substance abuse, health care professionals are mainly limited to relying on patient honesty. But a new study aims to find the genetic causes of addiction, which could lead to a more nuanced way ...

Jun 03, 2015
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Major report on powdered cocaine use launched

The Advisory Council on the Misuse of Drugs (ACMD) has today (12 March) published a major report on powdered cocaine and its impact on British society which was authored by a group led by a University of Manchester academic.

Mar 13, 2015
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Cocaine (benzoylmethylecgonine) is a crystalline tropane alkaloid that is obtained from the leaves of the coca plant. The name comes from "coca" in addition to the alkaloid suffix -ine, forming cocaine. It is both a stimulant of the central nervous system and an appetite suppressant. Specifically, it is a dopamine reuptake inhibitor, a norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor and a serotonin reuptake inhibitor, which mediates functionality of such as an exogenous DAT ligand. Because of the way it affects the mesolimbic reward pathway, cocaine is addictive.

Its possession, cultivation, and distribution are illegal for non-medicinal and non-government sanctioned purposes in virtually all parts of the world. Although its free commercialization is illegal and has been severely penalized in virtually all countries, its use worldwide remains widespread in many social, cultural, and personal settings.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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