News tagged with concussion
Men who are heavy drinkers and homeless for long periods of time have 400 times the number of head injuries as the general population, according to a new study by researchers who said they were shocked by their findings.
Health May 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
Virginia Tech released today the results of its 2013 adult football helmet ratings, designed to identify differences between the abilities of helmets to reduce the risk of concussion. A total of four helmets ...
Health May 15, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Despite knowing the risk of serious injury from playing football with a concussion, half of high school football players would continue to play if they had a headache stemming from an injury sustained on the field.
Pediatrics May 06, 2013 | 4 / 5 (1) | 0
Most children who suffer from sports-related concussions recover within a few days. However, in a small number of children, symptoms can last for a month or more. Although there have been numerous theories as to what might ...
Pediatrics Apr 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
From Junior Seau, former San Diego Chargers linebacker, to Dave Duerson, former Chicago Bears safety—who both committed suicide as a result of chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE)—traumatic brain injuries (TBIs) have ...
Health Mar 26, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—Recommendations for sports concussion and its management have been updated, according to a consensus statement published in the April issue of the British Journal of Sports Medicine.
Health Mar 25, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Neurologists at Mayo Clinic in Arizona have taken a promising step toward identifying a test that helps support the diagnosis of concussion. Their research has shown that autonomic reflex testing, which measures involuntary ...
Neuroscience Mar 19, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(HealthDay)—In professional athletes, cervical spinal cord contusion may be due, in part, to congenital stenosis, the horizontal facet orientation of the cervical C3-C4 level, and the relative hypermobility ...
Health Mar 19, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
With more than one million athletes now experiencing a concussion each year in the United States, the American Academy of Neurology (AAN) has released an evidence-based guideline for evaluating and managing athletes with ...
Neuroscience Mar 18, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
'When in doubt, sit them out' should be the new catchphrase for parents and coaches of children who have received a concussion.
Health Mar 15, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
A single concussion may cause lasting structural damage to the brain, according to a new study published online in the journal Radiology.
Diseases, Conditions, Syndromes Mar 12, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
An international panel of concussion experts has provided new guidelines on evaluating and treating concussions during sporting events and in clinical settings.
Health Mar 11, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Mouthguards and helmets can help ward off other serious head and facial injuries, but there is no good evidence that they can help prevent concussion, and paradoxically, they may even encourage players to take greater risks.
Health Mar 11, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
(Medical Xpress)—Further evidence that a program of controlled, progressive aerobic exercise may help restore normal cognitive function in patients who have sustained a concussion has been published by ...
Neuroscience Mar 07, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Most scientists are starting to agree that repeat, sub-concussive hits to the head are dangerous and linked to neurological disorders later in life. A new collaborative study, though, attempted to find out why – and discovered ...
Immunology Mar 06, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 0 |
Concussion, from the Latin concutere ("to shake violently") or the Latin concussus ("action of striking together"), is the most common type of traumatic brain injury. The terms mild brain injury, mild traumatic brain injury (MTBI), mild head injury (MHI), and minor head trauma and concussion may be used interchangeably, although the latter is often treated as a narrower category. The term 'concussion' has been used for centuries and is still commonly used in sports medicine, while 'MTBI' is a technical term used more commonly nowadays in general medical contexts. Frequently defined as a head injury with a transient loss of brain function, concussion can cause a variety of physical, cognitive, and emotional symptoms.
Treatment of concussion involves monitoring and rest. Symptoms usually go away entirely within three weeks, though they may persist, or complications may occur. Repeated concussions can cause cumulative brain damage such as dementia pugilistica or severe complications such as second-impact syndrome.
Due to factors such as widely varying definitions and possible underreporting of concussion, the rate at which it occurs annually is not known; however it may be more than 6 per 1,000 people. Common causes include sports injuries, bicycle accidents, car accidents, and falls; the latter two are the most frequent causes among adults. Concussion may be caused by a blow to the head, or by acceleration forces without a direct impact. The forces involved disrupt cellular processes in the brain for days or weeks.
It is not known whether the concussed brain is structurally damaged the way it is in other types of brain injury (albeit to a lesser extent) or whether concussion mainly entails a loss of function with physiological but not structural changes. Cellular damage has reportedly been found in concussed brains, but it may have been due to artifacts from the studies. A debate about whether structural damage exists in concussion has raged for centuries and is ongoing.
For more information about Concussion, read the full article at
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