News tagged with dendritic cells
Three scientists won the Nobel Prize in medicine on Monday for discoveries about the immune system that opened new avenues for the treatment and prevention of infectious illnesses and cancer.
Medical research Oct 03, 2011 | 5 / 5 (7) | 1
An ongoing lack of sleep during adolescence could lead to more than dragging, foggy teens, a University of Wisconsin-Madison study suggests.
Neuroscience Oct 09, 2011 | 4.6 / 5 (8) | 0 |
Using bioluminescent proteins from a jellyfish, a team of scientists has lit up the inside of a neuron, capturing spectacular video footage that shows the movement of proteins throughout the cell.
Neuroscience Aug 22, 2012 | 5 / 5 (6) | 0 |
University of British Columbia researchers have discovered the molecular pathway that enables receptors inside immune cells to find, and flag, fragments of pathogens trying to invade a host.
Immunology Feb 05, 2012 | 5 / 5 (6) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—A group of researchers in Austria and Switzerland has for the first time proven that immune cells migrate along chemical concentration gradients. This process has long been assumed but ...
Immunology Jan 18, 2013 | not rated yet | 0 |
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have made a counterintuitive finding that may lead to new ways to clear persistent infection that is the hallmark of such diseases as AIDS, hepatitis B and hepatitis C.
Medical research Apr 11, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Researchers at Queen Mary, University of London have discovered how a key molecule controls the body's inflammatory responses. The molecule, known as p110delta, fine-tunes inflammation to avoid excessive reactions that can ...
Immunology Sep 30, 2012 | 5 / 5 (6) | 0 |
Dendritic cells, or DCs for short, perform a vital role for the immune system: They engulf pathogens, break them down into their component parts, and then display the pieces on their surface. This in turn ...
Immunology Jan 22, 2013 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0 |
UCLA researchers pinpointed a new mechanism that potently activates T-cells, the group of white blood cells that play a major role in fighting infections.
Medical research Mar 25, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
To the surprise of investigating researchers, an animal model of Epstein Barr virus protected lupus-prone mice against development of the autoimmune disease. Earlier work had suggested that EBV might promote the development ...
Immunology Apr 02, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0 |
Korean scientists have used tiny stars, squares and triangles as a toolkit to create live neural circuits in a dish.
Neuroscience Jul 19, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress)—Researchers from Australia and the USA have made a unique discovery about how the brain computes sensory information.
Neuroscience Nov 15, 2012 | 4.4 / 5 (5) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—A newly discovered gene that is essential for embryo survival could also hold the key to treating and potentially controlling chronic infections such as HIV, hepatitis and tuberculosis.
Immunology Nov 26, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Two-pronged approach to immune activation could lead to vaccines that effectively shut down tumor expansion
Tumor cells often express proteins that set them apart from their healthy neighbors. These very same proteins can also help the immune system to recognize and destroy the cancer. Several research groups and ...
Cancer Apr 26, 2013 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
The same trait that makes a rare immune cell invaluable in fighting some infections also can be exploited by other diseases to cause harm, two new studies show.
Medical research Aug 26, 2011 | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 0 |
Dendritic cells (DCs) are immune cells that form part of the mammalian immune system. Their main function is to process antigen material and present it on the surface to other cells of the immune system, thus functioning as antigen-presenting cells.
Dendritic cells are present in small quantities in tissues that are in contact with the external environment, mainly the skin (where there is a specialized dendritic cell type called Langerhans cells) and the inner lining of the nose, lungs, stomach and intestines. They can also be found in an immature state in the blood. Once activated, they migrate to the lymphoid tissues where they interact with T cells and B cells to initiate and shape the adaptive immune response. At certain development stages they grow branched projections, the dendrites, that give the cell its name. However, these do not have any special relation with neurons, which also possess similar appendages. Immature dendritic cells are also called veiled cells, in which case they possess large cytoplasmic 'veils' rather than dendrites.
For more information about Dendritic cell, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.