News tagged with endothelium

Does Greek coffee hold the key to a longer life?

The answer to longevity may be far simpler than we imagine; it may in fact be right under our noses in the form of a morning caffeine kick. The elderly inhabitants of Ikaria, the Greek island, boast the highest rates of longevity ...

Mar 18, 2013
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Endothelium

The endothelium is the thin layer of cells that lines the interior surface of blood vessels, forming an interface between circulating blood in the lumen and the rest of the vessel wall. These cells are called endothelial cells. Endothelial cells line the entire circulatory system, from the heart to the smallest capillary. These cells reduce turbulence of the flow of blood, allowing the fluid to be pumped farther.

Endothelial tissue is an epithelial tissue.

The endothelium normally provides a non-thrombogenic surface because it contains heparan sulfate which acts as a cofactor for activating antithrombin III, a protease that inactivates several factors in the coagulation cascade.

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