News tagged with genetic diseases

Related topics: genes · genome

Pinpointing the genetic basis of disease

The human genome contains 3.2 billion nucleotides, chained together in long, linear sequences of DNA. Differences in single nucleotides known as single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) account for a lot of the genetic variation ...

Nov 04, 2015
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Simple test to detect diabetes risk after pregnancy

Gestational diabetes is one of the most common conditions that can occur during pregnancy. Although the symptoms generally disappear after delivery, women suffering from gestational diabetes are at increased risk of developing ...

Oct 22, 2015
popularity53 comments 1

Genetic disorder

A genetic disorder is an illness caused by abnormalities in genes or chromosomes. While some diseases, such as cancer, are due in part to a genetic disorders, they can also be caused by environmental factors. Most disorders are quite rare and affect one person in every several thousands or millions. Some types of recessive gene disorders confer an advantage in the heterozygous state in certain environments. A haploid cell has only one set of chromosomes. A diploid cell has two sets of chromosomes. In human, the somatic cells are diploid, and the gametes are haploid.

Genetic diseases are typically diagnosed and treated by geneticists. Genetic counselors assist the physicians and directly counsel patients.[citation needed]

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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