News tagged with genotype

Related topics: genes · genetic variation

CYP2C19 polymorphisms impacts citalopram metabolism

(HealthDay)—For patients with major depressive disorder, certain CYP2C19 polymorphisms contribute to citalopram (CIT) metabolism, according to research published in the December issue of the Journal of Clinical Pharmacy ...

Dec 14, 2015
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Eat fish, build up brainpower

Can pregnant women help boost their children's brainpower by eating fish? The findings of a study, presented in the American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, show how children born to women who consumed more fish during their ...

Jan 10, 2012
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Genotype

The genotype is the genetic constitution of a cell, an organism, or an individual (i.e. the specific allele makeup of the individual) usually with reference to a specific character under consideration. For instance, the human albino gene has two allele forms, dominant A and recessive a, and there are three possible genotypes- AA (homozygous dominant), Aa (heterozygous), and aa (homozygous recessive).

It is a generally accepted theory that inherited genotype, transmitted epigenetic factors, and non-hereditary environmental variation contribute to the phenotype of an individual.

Non-hereditary DNA mutations are not classically understood as representing the individual's genotype. Hence, scientists and physicians sometimes talk for example about the (geno)type of a particular cancer, that is the genotype of the disease as distinct from the diseased.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

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