News tagged with glucose

Related topics: diabetes , type 2 diabetes , insulin , cancer cells , molecules

How leptin, the 'satiety hormone,' reverses diabetes

(Medical Xpress)—Treatment with leptin, the hormone associated with fullness or satiety, reverses hyperglycemia in animals models of poorly controlled type 1 (T1D) and type 2 (T2D) diabetes by suppressing ...

Jun 16, 2014
popularity 4.7 / 5 (22) | comments 0

Low-carb diet recommended for diabetics

A new study involving researchers from the University of Alabama at Birmingham and other institutions says patients with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes should eat a diet low in carbohydrates.

Jul 29, 2014
popularity 4.8 / 5 (18) | comments 1

Blueberries each day may keep the doctor away

(Medical Xpress)—Eating 2 cups of wild blueberries a day for two months can reduce chronic inflammation, improve metabolism of fat and lower LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, according to research by a ...

Aug 27, 2013
popularity 4.6 / 5 (16) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Inflammation may be key to diabetes, heart disease link

Inflammation may be the reason high blood sugar levels damage blood vessels, raising the possibility that anti-inflammatory medications might someday be used to lower the risk of blood vessel disease in people with diabetes, ...

Sep 11, 2014
popularity 3.3 / 5 (18) | comments 1

A new 'whey' to control diabetes

Blood sugar surges—after-meal glucose "spikes"—can be life threatening for the 29 million Americans with diabetes. Diabetic blood sugar spikes have been linked to cardiovascular disease, cancer, Alzheimer's ...

Aug 05, 2014
popularity 4.8 / 5 (12) | comments 0

Metformin may increase risk of cognitive impairment

(HealthDay)—Metformin may increase the risk of cognitive impairment in patients with diabetes; however, calcium supplementation may attenuate this risk, according to research published online Sept. 5 in ...

Sep 21, 2013
popularity 4.3 / 5 (9) | comments 0

Role for sugar uptake in breast cancer revealed

Metabolism was lost in the shadows of cancer research for decades but has recently been reclaiming some of the spotlight. Now, Mina Bissell, Distinguished Scientist with Berkeley Lab's Life Sciences Division ...

Dec 18, 2013
popularity 4.8 / 5 (8) | comments 0 | with audio podcast

Glucose

Glucose (Glc), a monosaccharide (or simple sugar) also known as grape sugar, blood sugar, or corn sugar, is a very important carbohydrate in biology. The living cell uses it as a source of energy and metabolic intermediate. Glucose is one of the main products of photosynthesis and starts cellular respiration in both prokaryotes (bacteria and archaea) and eukaryotes (animals, plants, fungi, and protists).

The name "glucose" comes from the Greek word glukus (γλυκύς), meaning "sweet", and the suffix "-ose," which denotes a sugar.

Two stereoisomers of the aldohexose sugars are known as glucose, only one of which (D-glucose) is biologically active. This form (D-glucose) is often referred to as dextrose monohydrate, or, especially in the food industry, simply dextrose (from dextrorotatory glucose). This article deals with the D-form of glucose. The mirror-image of the molecule, L-glucose, cannot be metabolized by cells in the biochemical process known as glycolysis.

This text uses material from Wikipedia licensed under CC BY-SA