News tagged with human genome

Related topics: genes · genome · dna sequences · genetic mutations · genetic variation

LincRNA, once believed useless, plays role in genome

Ever since the Human Genome Project decoded the genome, the prevailing scientific view has been that only the 2 percent that makes proteins—the building blocks of cells—was important. The rest was deemed not functional, ...

Jan 23, 2014
popularity0 comments 2

Research sheds new light on heritability of disease

A group of international researchers, led by a research fellow in the Harvard Medical School-affiliated Institute for Aging Research at Hebrew SeniorLife, published a paper today in Cell describing a study aimed at better ...

Jan 16, 2014
popularity0 comments 0

Human genome

The human genome is the genome of Homo sapiens, which is stored on 23 chromosome pairs. Twenty-two of these are autosomal chromosome pairs, while the remaining pair is sex-determining. The haploid human genome occupies a total of just over 3 billion DNA base pairs. The Human Genome Project (HGP) produced a reference sequence of the euchromatic human genome, which is used worldwide in biomedical sciences.

The haploid human genome contains an estimated 20,000–25,000 protein-coding genes, far fewer than had been expected before its sequencing. In fact, only about 1.5% of the genome codes for proteins, while the rest consists of RNA genes, regulatory sequences, introns and (controversially) "junk" DNA.

This text uses material from Wikipedia, licensed under CC BY-SA

Subscribe to rss feed