News tagged with information processing
Scientists at the Stanford University School of Medicine have determined the precise anatomical coordinates of a brain "hot spot," measuring only about one-fifth of an inch across, that is preferentially activated ...
Neuroscience Apr 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (9) | 3 |
The human eye long ago solved a problem common to both digital and film cameras: how to get good contrast in an image while also capturing faint detail.
Medical research May 03, 2011 | 4.7 / 5 (7) | 1 |
Scientists at The Scripps Research Institute (TSRI) have identified a new pathway that appears to play a major role in information processing in the brain. Their research also offers insight into how imbalances ...
Neuroscience Nov 09, 2012 | 5 / 5 (6) | 4 |
(Medical Xpress)—At the same settings and light conditions, a camera will take the same picture every time. In contrast, a brain does not make perfect reconstructions of a stimulus. It appears instead to ...
Neuroscience Apr 08, 2013 | 5 / 5 (6) | 6 |
For Bradley Duchaine, there is definitely more than meets the eye where faces are concerned.
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 01, 2012 | 4.7 / 5 (6) | 6 |
Future research into the underlying causes of neurological disorders such as autism, epilepsy and schizophrenia, should greatly benefit from a first-of-its-kind atlas of gene-enhancers in the cerebrum (telencephalon). ...
Genetics Jan 31, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 0 |
(Medical Xpress) -- We like to think the human brain is special, something different from other brains and information processing systems, but a Cambridge professor set out to test that assumption by ...
Neuroscience May 09, 2011 | 5 / 5 (4) | 5 |
(Medical Xpress)—The instability of "white matter" in humans may contribute to greater cognitive decline during the aging of humans compared with chimpanzees, scientists from Yerkes National Primate Research ...
Neuroscience May 14, 2013 | 5 / 5 (4) | 2 |
(HealthDay)—Newborns who weigh around 9 pounds or more at birth tend to have bigger brains as teens than those who weigh less at birth, a new study finds.
Health Nov 19, 2012 | 4 / 5 (4) | 1 |
University of Alberta led research may have discovered how memories are encoded in our brains.
Neuroscience Mar 19, 2012 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0
Body dysmorphic disorder is a disabling but often misunderstood psychiatric condition in which people perceive themselves to be disfigured and ugly, even though they look normal to others. New research at UCLA shows that ...
Neuroscience Apr 29, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 1 |
First study on long-term cognitive effects of breast cancer CMF chemotherapy finds subtle impairment
Dutch investigators have reported that women who received CMF chemotherapy (a combination regimen including the drugs cyclophosphamide, methotrexate, and 5-fluorouracil) for breast cancer between 1976 and 1995 scored worse ...
Cancer Feb 27, 2012 | 4.7 / 5 (3) | 0 |
A group of Portuguese researchers from IBMC and FMUP at the University of Porto has found the reason why patients with chronic pain often suffer from impaired short –term memory. The study, to be published ...
Neuroscience Feb 07, 2013 | 3.3 / 5 (3) | 0
Our genetic material is constantly exposed to damage, which the body's own proteins normally repair. One of these proteins works like a scanner, continually scouring the genetic material for signs of damage. ...
Genetics Jan 24, 2013 | 4 / 5 (2) | 0 |
People suffering from body dysmorphic disorder, or BDD a severe mental illness characterized by debilitating misperceptions that one appears disfigured and ugly process visual information abnormally, even when ...
Psychology & Psychiatry May 26, 2011 | 5 / 5 (1) | 1 |
Information processing is the change (processing) of information in any manner detectable by an observer. As such, it is a process which describes everything which happens (changes) in the universe, from the falling of a rock (a change in position) to the printing of a text file from a digital computer system. In the latter case, an information processor is changing the form of presentation of that text file. Information processing may more specifically be defined in terms used by Claude E. Shannon as the conversion of latent information into manifest information. Latent and manifest information is defined through the terms of equivocation (remaining uncertainty, what value the sender has actually chosen), dissipation (uncertainty of the sender what the receiver has actually received) and transformation (saved effort of questioning - equivocation minus dissipation).
Within the field of cognitive psychology, information processing is an approach to the goal of understanding human thinking. It arose in the 1940s and 1950s. The essence of the approach is to see cognition as being essentially computational in nature, with mind being the software and the brain being the hardware. The information processing approach in psychology is closely allied to cognitivism in psychology and functionalism in philosophy although the terms are not quite synonymous. Information processing may be sequential or parallel, either of which may be centralized or decentralized (distributed). The parallel distributed processing approach of the mid-1980s became popular under the name connectionism. In the early 1950s Friedrich Hayek was ahead of his time when he posited the idea of spontaneous order in the brain arising out of decentralized networks of simple units (neurons). However, Hayek is rarely cited in the literature of connectionism.
In the 1970s, Abraham Moles and Frieder Nake were among the first to establish and analyze links between information processing and aesthetics.
For more information about Information processing, read the full article at
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