News tagged with kidney
In the early 1950's, a 66-year-old woman, sick with colon cancer, received a blood transfusion. Then, unexpectedly, she suffered a severe rejection of the transfused blood. Reporting on her case, the French ...
Medical research Mar 20, 2013 | 5 / 5 (11) | 0 |
Researchers have solved a 60-year-old mystery by identifying a gene that can cause rejection, kidney failure and even death in some blood transfusion patients. In this study, published in Nature Genetics online ...
Genetics Apr 07, 2013 | 5 / 5 (9) | 0 |
Bioengineered rat kidneys developed by Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) investigators successfully produced urine both in a laboratory apparatus and after being transplanted into living animals. In their ...
Medical research Apr 14, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (9) | 4 |
(Medical Xpress)—Juice from rice cells knocked out two kinds of human cancer cells as well or better than the potent anti-cancer drug Taxol in lab tests conducted by a Michigan Technological University ...
Cancer Jan 14, 2013 | 4.9 / 5 (8) | 0 |
Researchers in Japan said Wednesday they have succeeded in growing human kidney tissue from stem cells for the first time, in a potential first step towards helping millions who depend on dialysis.
Medical research Jan 23, 2013 | 5 / 5 (5) | 0
(HealthDay)—A chemical called melamine that's found in some dishware might raise your risk for kidney stones, a small new study suggests.
Health Jan 21, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 0 |
Researchers may have found a way to block kidney-destroying inflammation and help damaged kidney cells recover.
Medical research Apr 16, 2013 | 4.6 / 5 (5) | 3 |
A diabetes specialist and Artificial Intelligence expert have collaborated to test the prototype of an artificial pancreas. Should a planned clinical study and clinical trial support the excellent 'simulated' results obtained ...
Medical research Nov 12, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0
(Medical Xpress)—When the heart works too hard, the brain may be to blame, says new Cornell research that is changing how scientists look at high blood pressure (hypertension). The study, published in the ...
Medical research Dec 18, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—Artificial blood vessels may one day reduce some complications of dialysis treatment in people with kidney failure, according to the results of early research in animals.
Cardiology Apr 24, 2013 | 4.8 / 5 (4) | 0
New research from Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) reveals that B cells regulate obesity-associated inflammation and type 2 diabetes through two specific mechanisms. The study, published in the Proceedings of th ...
Inflammatory disorders Mar 12, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
New engineered spider protein could be the start of a new generation of anti-venom vaccines, potentially saving thousands of lives worldwide. The new protein, created from parts of a toxin from the reaper ...
Medications May 09, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
(HealthDay)—An experimental drug that taps the power of the body's immune system to fight cancer is shrinking tumors in patients for whom other treatments have failed, an early study shows.
Cancer May 16, 2013 | 5 / 5 (3) | 0 |
In recent years, healthy people have been bombarded by stories in the media and on health websites warning about the dangers of too-low vitamin D levels, and urging high doses of supplements to protect against everything ...
Health May 01, 2013 | 3 / 5 (4) | 3
New research from Karolinska Institutet in Sweden shows that men who take vitamin C supplements regularly run a higher risk of developing kidney stones. The study, which is published in the scientific periodical JAMA Internal Me ...
Health Feb 04, 2013 | 3.7 / 5 (3) | 2 |
The kidneys are paired organs, which have the production of urine as their primary function. Kidneys are seen in many types of animals, including vertebrates and some invertebrates. They are part of the urinary system, but have several secondary functions concerned with homeostatic functions. These include the regulation of electrolytes, acid-base balance, and blood pressure. In producing urine, the kidneys excrete wastes such as urea and ammonium; the kidneys also are responsible for the reabsorption of glucose and amino acids. Finally, the kidneys are important in the production of hormones including vitamin D, renin and erythropoietin.
Located behind the abdominal cavity in the retroperitoneum, the kidneys receive blood from the paired renal arteries, and drain into the paired renal veins. Each kidney excretes urine into a ureter, itself a paired structure that empties into the urinary bladder.
Renal physiology is the study of kidney function, while nephrology is the medical specialty concerned with diseases of the kidney. Diseases of the kidney are diverse, but individuals with kidney disease frequently display characteristic clinical features. Common clinical presentations include the nephritic and nephrotic syndromes, acute kidney failure, chronic kidney disease, urinary tract infection, nephrolithiasis, and urinary tract obstruction.
For more information about Kidney, read the full article at
This text uses material from Wikipedia and is available under the GNU Free Documentation License.