News tagged with linguist
Nouns before verbs? New research agenda could help shed light on early language, cognitive development
Researchers are digging deeper into whether infants' ability to learn new words is shaped by the particular language being acquired.
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 25, 2013 | 4.5 / 5 (4) | 1 |
Recent research into how we learn is set to help people in their efforts to read a second or foreign language (SFL) more effectively. This will be good news for those struggling to develop linguistic skills in preparation ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 06, 2013 | not rated yet | 0
Babies as young as seven months can distinguish between, and begin to learn, two languages with vastly different grammatical structures, according to new research from the University of British Columbia and Université Paris ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 14, 2013 | 3 / 5 (1) | 1 |
(Medical Xpress)—A person's style of speech—not just the pitch of his or her voice—may help determine whether the listener perceives the speaker to be male or female, according to a University of Colorado Boulder researcher ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jan 04, 2013 | 3.4 / 5 (8) | 6 |
Infants are more likely to recognise words spoken in the dialect of their local communities than those used by their parents, psychologists have revealed.
Pediatrics Oct 25, 2012 | not rated yet | 0 |
With immigration on the rise, the use of English as a second language is sweeping the world. People who have grown up speaking French, Italian, Mandarin or any other language are now expected to be able to ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Oct 03, 2012 | 4 / 5 (2) | 1 |
Because dyslexia affects so many people around the world, countless studies have attempted to pinpoint the source of the learning disorder.
Psychology & Psychiatry Sep 19, 2012 | 5 / 5 (1) | 0
On the classic TV show "I Love Lucy," Ricky Ricardo was known for switching into rapid-fire Spanish whenever he was upset, despite the fact Lucy had no idea what her Cuban husband was saying. These scenes were comedy gold, ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Aug 02, 2012 | 5 / 5 (7) | 0 |
Readers whose mother tongue is Arabic have more challenges reading in Arabic than native Hebrew or English speakers have reading their native languages, because the two halves of the brain divide the labor differently when ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Mar 21, 2012 | 5 / 5 (2) | 0
(Medical Xpress) -- Research designed to understand the effect of text messaging on language found that texting has a negative impact on people's linguistic ability to interpret and accept words.
Psychology & Psychiatry Feb 20, 2012 | 2.7 / 5 (11) | 4 |
When a friend tells you she had a rough day, do you feel sandpaper under your fingers? The brain may be replaying sensory experiences to help understand common metaphors, new research suggests.
Neuroscience Feb 03, 2012 | 5 / 5 (4) | 5 |
Researchers from Boston Medical Center (BMC) and Boston University School of Medicine (BUSM) have found that among advanced head and neck cancer (HNC) patients receiving radiation-based treatment (RT), being non-English speaking ...
Cancer Oct 04, 2011 | not rated yet | 0
When people recognize voices, part of what helps make voice recognition accurate is noticing how people pronounce words differently. But individuals with dyslexia don't experience this familiar language advantage, ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jul 29, 2011 | not rated yet | 1 |
(Medical Xpress) -- Do you ever wonder about the stuff that makes up words? Why is a word a word, what goes into forming it, what's its history or why is it long or short? Scientists at the Massachusetts Institute ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jun 20, 2011 | 4.2 / 5 (6) | 6 |
It is one of the wonders of language: We cannot possibly anticipate or memorize every potential word, phrase, or sentence. Yet we have no trouble constructing and understanding myriads of novel utterances every day. How do ...
Psychology & Psychiatry Jun 06, 2011 | 5 / 5 (6) | 7 |
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Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields of study: language form, language meaning, and language in context.
The first is the study of language structure, or grammar. This focuses on the system of rules followed by the speakers (or hearers) of a language. It encompasses morphology (the formation and composition of words), syntax (the formation and composition of phrases and sentences from these words), and phonology (sound systems). Phonetics is a related branch of linguistics concerned with the actual properties of speech sounds and nonspeech sounds, and how they are produced and perceived.
The study of language meaning is concerned with how languages employ logical structures and real-world references to convey, process, and assign meaning, as well as to manage and resolve ambiguity. This subfield encompasses semantics (how meaning is inferred from words and concepts) and pragmatics (how meaning is inferred from context).
Language in its broader context includes evolutionary linguistics, which considers the origins of language; historical linguistics, which explores language change; sociolinguistics, which looks at the relation between linguistic variation and social structures; psycholinguistics, which explores the representation and function of language in the mind; neurolinguistics, which looks at language processing in the brain; language acquisition, how children or adults acquire language; and discourse analysis, which involves the structure of texts and conversations.
Although linguistics is the scientific study of language, a number of other intellectual disciplines are relevant to language and intersect with it. Semiotics, for example, is the general study of signs and symbols both within language and without. Literary theorists study the use of language in literature. Linguistics additionally draws on and informs work from such diverse fields as psychology, speech-language pathology, informatics, computer science, philosophy, biology, human anatomy, neuroscience, sociology, anthropology, and acoustics.
For more information about Linguistics, read the full article at
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